Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.39.3

वैशंपायन उवाच ।
पुरा कृतयुगे राजन्नार्ष्टिषेणो द्विजोत्तमः ।
वसन्गुरुकुले नित्यं नित्यमध्ययने रतः ॥ ३ ॥

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
purā kṛtayuge rājannārṣṭiṣeṇo dvijottamaḥ |
vasangurukule nityaṃ nityamadhyayane rataḥ || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...lived (for some time) in the forest of Dandaka, from desire of slaying the Rakshasas. At Janasthana he cut off the head of a wicked-souled Rakshasa with a razor-headed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.39.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishampayana, Pura, Pur, Kritayuga, Rajanna, Arshtishena, Dvijottama, Vasat, Gurukula, Nityam, Nitya, Adhyayana, Rata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.39.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca
  • vaiśampāyana* -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “purā kṛtayuge rājannārṣṭiṣeṇo dvijottamaḥ
  • purā -
  • purā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛtayuge -
  • kṛtayuga (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • rājannā -
  • rājanna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rājanna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ārṣṭiṣeṇo* -
  • ārṣṭiṣeṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dvijottamaḥ -
  • dvijottama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “vasangurukule nityaṃ nityamadhyayane rataḥ
  • vasan -
  • vas -> vasat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vas class 1 verb], [vocative single from √vas class 1 verb]
  • gurukule -
  • gurukula (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • adhyayane -
  • adhyayana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • rataḥ -
  • rata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ram -> rata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ram class 1 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.39.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.39.3 in Kannada sript:
ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಪುರಾ ಕೃತಯುಗೇ ರಾಜನ್ನಾರ್ಷ್ಟಿಷೇಣೋ ದ್ವಿಜೋತ್ತಮಃ ।
ವಸನ್ಗುರುಕುಲೇ ನಿತ್ಯಂ ನಿತ್ಯಮಧ್ಯಯನೇ ರತಃ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.39.3 in Bengali sript:
বৈশংপাযন উবাচ ।
পুরা কৃতযুগে রাজন্নার্ষ্টিষেণো দ্বিজোত্তমঃ ।
বসন্গুরুকুলে নিত্যং নিত্যমধ্যযনে রতঃ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.39.3 in Gujarati sript:
વૈશંપાયન ઉવાચ ।
પુરા કૃતયુગે રાજન્નાર્ષ્ટિષેણો દ્વિજોત્તમઃ ।
વસન્ગુરુકુલે નિત્યં નિત્યમધ્યયને રતઃ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.39.3 in Malayalam sript:
വൈശംപായന ഉവാച ।
പുരാ കൃതയുഗേ രാജന്നാര്ഷ്ടിഷേണോ ദ്വിജോത്തമഃ ।
വസന്ഗുരുകുലേ നിത്യം നിത്യമധ്യയനേ രതഃ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 9.39.3 in Telugu sript:
వైశంపాయన ఉవాచ ।
పురా కృతయుగే రాజన్నార్ష్టిషేణో ద్విజోత్తమః ।
వసన్గురుకులే నిత్యం నిత్యమధ్యయనే రతః ॥ ౩ ॥

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