Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.38.31

ससर्ज यत्र भगवांल्लोकांल्लोकपितामहः ।
यत्रार्ष्टिषेणः कौरव्य ब्राह्मण्यं संशितव्रतः ।
तपसा महता राजन्प्राप्तवानृषिसत्तमः ॥ ३१ ॥

sasarja yatra bhagavāṃllokāṃllokapitāmahaḥ |
yatrārṣṭiṣeṇaḥ kauravya brāhmaṇyaṃ saṃśitavrataḥ |
tapasā mahatā rājanprāptavānṛṣisattamaḥ || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...O king, fell upon the thigh of a great sage named Mahodara and struck to it. Bathing in this tirtha, the great Rishi became freed from the burthen. The high-souled...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.38.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatra, Bhagavat, Loka, Lokapitamaha, Arshtishena, Kauravya, Brahmanya, Samshitavrata, Tapasa, Mahata, Rajan, Rajat, Praptavat, Rishisattama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.38.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sasarja yatra bhagavāṃllokāṃllokapitāmahaḥ
  • sasarja -
  • sṛj (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    sarj (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhagavāṃl -
  • bhagavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • lokāṃl -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • lokapitāmahaḥ -
  • lokapitāmaha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “yatrārṣṭiṣeṇaḥ kauravya brāhmaṇyaṃ saṃśitavrataḥ
  • yatrā -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ārṣṭiṣeṇaḥ -
  • ārṣṭiṣeṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kauravya -
  • kauravya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • brāhmaṇyam -
  • brāhmaṇya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    brāhmaṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    brāhmaṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • saṃśitavrataḥ -
  • saṃśitavrata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “tapasā mahatā rājanprāptavānṛṣisattamaḥ
  • tapasā* -
  • tapasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mahatā* -
  • mahatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mahata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • prāptavān -
  • prāptavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛṣisattamaḥ -
  • ṛṣisattama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.38.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.38.31 in Kannada sript:
ಸಸರ್ಜ ಯತ್ರ ಭಗವಾಂಲ್ಲೋಕಾಂಲ್ಲೋಕಪಿತಾಮಹಃ ।
ಯತ್ರಾರ್ಷ್ಟಿಷೇಣಃ ಕೌರವ್ಯ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣ್ಯಂ ಸಂಶಿತವ್ರತಃ ।
ತಪಸಾ ಮಹತಾ ರಾಜನ್ಪ್ರಾಪ್ತವಾನೃಷಿಸತ್ತಮಃ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.38.31 in Bengali sript:
সসর্জ যত্র ভগবাংল্লোকাংল্লোকপিতামহঃ ।
যত্রার্ষ্টিষেণঃ কৌরব্য ব্রাহ্মণ্যং সংশিতব্রতঃ ।
তপসা মহতা রাজন্প্রাপ্তবানৃষিসত্তমঃ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.38.31 in Gujarati sript:
સસર્જ યત્ર ભગવાંલ્લોકાંલ્લોકપિતામહઃ ।
યત્રાર્ષ્ટિષેણઃ કૌરવ્ય બ્રાહ્મણ્યં સંશિતવ્રતઃ ।
તપસા મહતા રાજન્પ્રાપ્તવાનૃષિસત્તમઃ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.38.31 in Malayalam sript:
സസര്ജ യത്ര ഭഗവാംല്ലോകാംല്ലോകപിതാമഹഃ ।
യത്രാര്ഷ്ടിഷേണഃ കൌരവ്യ ബ്രാഹ്മണ്യം സംശിതവ്രതഃ ।
തപസാ മഹതാ രാജന്പ്രാപ്തവാനൃഷിസത്തമഃ ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 9.38.31 in Telugu sript:
ససర్జ యత్ర భగవాంల్లోకాంల్లోకపితామహః ।
యత్రార్ష్టిషేణః కౌరవ్య బ్రాహ్మణ్యం సంశితవ్రతః ।
తపసా మహతా రాజన్ప్రాప్తవానృషిసత్తమః ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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