Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.30.48

हतबान्धवभूयिष्ठा हताश्वा हतकुञ्जरा ।
एषा ते पृथिवी राजन्भुङ्क्ष्वैनां विगतज्वरः ॥ ४८ ॥

hatabāndhavabhūyiṣṭhā hatāśvā hatakuñjarā |
eṣā te pṛthivī rājanbhuṅkṣvaināṃ vigatajvaraḥ || 48 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...intelligent son of Dharma, your son answered him from within the waters in these words. "'Duryodhana said, "It is not at all a matter of surprise, O king, that fear...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.30.48). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hatabandhava, Bhuyishtha, Hatashva, Hata, Kunjara, Esha, Tad, Yushmad, Prithivi, Rajan, Rajat, Aina, Vigatajvara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.30.48). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hatabāndhavabhūyiṣṭhā hatāśvā hatakuñjarā
  • hatabāndhava -
  • hatabāndhava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hatabāndhava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūyiṣṭhā* -
  • bhūyiṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bhūyiṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hatāśvā* -
  • hatāśva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hatāśvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hata -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • kuñjarā -
  • kuñjarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “eṣā te pṛthivī rājanbhuṅkṣvaināṃ vigatajvaraḥ
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • pṛthivī -
  • pṛthivī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    pṛthivi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • bhuṅkṣvai -
  • bhuj (verb class 7)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • ainā -
  • aina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vigatajvaraḥ -
  • vigatajvara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.30.48

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.30.48 in Kannada sript:
ಹತಬಾನ್ಧವಭೂಯಿಷ್ಠಾ ಹತಾಶ್ವಾ ಹತಕುಞ್ಜರಾ ।
ಏಷಾ ತೇ ಪೃಥಿವೀ ರಾಜನ್ಭುಙ್ಕ್ಷ್ವೈನಾಂ ವಿಗತಜ್ವರಃ ॥ ೪೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.30.48 in Bengali sript:
হতবান্ধবভূযিষ্ঠা হতাশ্বা হতকুঞ্জরা ।
এষা তে পৃথিবী রাজন্ভুঙ্ক্ষ্বৈনাং বিগতজ্বরঃ ॥ ৪৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.30.48 in Gujarati sript:
હતબાન્ધવભૂયિષ્ઠા હતાશ્વા હતકુઞ્જરા ।
એષા તે પૃથિવી રાજન્ભુઙ્ક્ષ્વૈનાં વિગતજ્વરઃ ॥ ૪૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.30.48 in Malayalam sript:
ഹതബാന്ധവഭൂയിഷ്ഠാ ഹതാശ്വാ ഹതകുഞ്ജരാ ।
ഏഷാ തേ പൃഥിവീ രാജന്ഭുങ്ക്ഷ്വൈനാം വിഗതജ്വരഃ ॥ ൪൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 9.30.48 in Telugu sript:
హతబాన్ధవభూయిష్ఠా హతాశ్వా హతకుఞ్జరా ।
ఏషా తే పృథివీ రాజన్భుఙ్క్ష్వైనాం విగతజ్వరః ॥ ౪౮ ॥

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