Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.28.90

एतच्छ्रुत्वा तु वचनं वैश्यापुत्रेण भाषितम् ।
प्राप्तकालमिति ज्ञात्वा विदुरः सर्वधर्मवित् ।
अपूजयदमेयात्मा युयुत्सुं वाक्यकोविदम् ॥ ९० ॥

etacchrutvā tu vacanaṃ vaiśyāputreṇa bhāṣitam |
prāptakālamiti jñātvā viduraḥ sarvadharmavit |
apūjayadameyātmā yuyutsuṃ vākyakovidam || 90 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...after taking the permission of Yudhishthira and Vasudeva!" For this purpose that mighty-armed prince presented himself before both those heroes. King Yudhishthira...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.28.90). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Etad, Vacana, Vaishyaputra, Bhashita, Praptakala, Iti, Vidura, Sarvadharmavid, Ameyatman, Yuyutsu, Vakya, Kovida,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.28.90). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etacchrutvā tu vacanaṃ vaiśyāputreṇa bhāṣitam
  • etacch -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vaiśyāputreṇa -
  • vaiśyāputra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • bhāṣitam -
  • bhāṣita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāṣita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhāṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “prāptakālamiti jñātvā viduraḥ sarvadharmavit
  • prāptakālam -
  • prāptakāla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prāptakāla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prāptakālā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • jñātvā -
  • jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
    jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
  • viduraḥ -
  • vidura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarvadharmavit -
  • sarvadharmavid (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    sarvadharmavid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 3: “apūjayadameyātmā yuyutsuṃ vākyakovidam
  • apūjayad -
  • pūj (verb class 10)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • ameyātmā -
  • ameyātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yuyutsum -
  • yuyutsu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuyutsu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vākya -
  • vākya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vac -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vak class 1 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vak class 1 verb]
  • kovidam -
  • kovida (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kovida (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kovidā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.28.90

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.28.90 in Kannada sript:
ಏತಚ್ಛ್ರುತ್ವಾ ತು ವಚನಂ ವೈಶ್ಯಾಪುತ್ರೇಣ ಭಾಷಿತಮ್ ।
ಪ್ರಾಪ್ತಕಾಲಮಿತಿ ಜ್ಞಾತ್ವಾ ವಿದುರಃ ಸರ್ವಧರ್ಮವಿತ್ ।
ಅಪೂಜಯದಮೇಯಾತ್ಮಾ ಯುಯುತ್ಸುಂ ವಾಕ್ಯಕೋವಿದಮ್ ॥ ೯೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.28.90 in Bengali sript:
এতচ্ছ্রুত্বা তু বচনং বৈশ্যাপুত্রেণ ভাষিতম্ ।
প্রাপ্তকালমিতি জ্ঞাত্বা বিদুরঃ সর্বধর্মবিত্ ।
অপূজযদমেযাত্মা যুযুত্সুং বাক্যকোবিদম্ ॥ ৯০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.28.90 in Gujarati sript:
એતચ્છ્રુત્વા તુ વચનં વૈશ્યાપુત્રેણ ભાષિતમ્ ।
પ્રાપ્તકાલમિતિ જ્ઞાત્વા વિદુરઃ સર્વધર્મવિત્ ।
અપૂજયદમેયાત્મા યુયુત્સું વાક્યકોવિદમ્ ॥ ૯૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.28.90 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതച്ഛ്രുത്വാ തു വചനം വൈശ്യാപുത്രേണ ഭാഷിതമ് ।
പ്രാപ്തകാലമിതി ജ്ഞാത്വാ വിദുരഃ സര്വധര്മവിത് ।
അപൂജയദമേയാത്മാ യുയുത്സും വാക്യകോവിദമ് ॥ ൯൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 9.28.90 in Telugu sript:
ఏతచ్ఛ్రుత్వా తు వచనం వైశ్యాపుత్రేణ భాషితమ్ ।
ప్రాప్తకాలమితి జ్ఞాత్వా విదురః సర్వధర్మవిత్ ।
అపూజయదమేయాత్మా యుయుత్సుం వాక్యకోవిదమ్ ॥ ౯౦ ॥

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