Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.27.23

तांस्तदापततो दृष्ट्वा सौबलस्य पदानुगान् ।
प्रत्युद्ययुर्महाराज पाण्डवा विजये वृताः ॥ २३ ॥

tāṃstadāpatato dṛṣṭvā saubalasya padānugān |
pratyudyayurmahārāja pāṇḍavā vijaye vṛtāḥ || 23 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...compass like a thick shower of rain poured from the clouds. Then Bhima, filled with rage, and Sahadeva of great valour, both endued with great might, careered in that...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.27.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tada, Patat, Saubala, Padanuga, Prati, Udya, Maharaja, Maharajan, Pandava, Vijaya, Vijayi, Vrita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.27.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tāṃstadāpatato dṛṣṭvā saubalasya padānugān
  • tāṃs -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • patato* -
  • patat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    patat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    pat -> patat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √pat class 1 verb], [ablative single from √pat class 1 verb], [genitive single from √pat class 1 verb]
    pat -> patat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √pat class 1 verb], [genitive single from √pat class 1 verb]
    pat (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • saubalasya -
  • saubala (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    saubala (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • padānugān -
  • padānuga (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “pratyudyayurmahārāja pāṇḍavā vijaye vṛtāḥ
  • pratyu -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • udya -
  • udya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    udya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ud -> udya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ud]
    ud -> udya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ud]
    und -> udya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √und]
    und -> udya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √und]
    vad -> udya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vad]
    vad -> udya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad -> udya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vad class 1 verb]
  • yur -
  • yu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pāṇḍavā* -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • vijaye -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vijaya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vijayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vijayi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    vijayi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • vṛtāḥ -
  • vṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛ class 9 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.27.23

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.27.23 in Kannada sript:
ತಾಂಸ್ತದಾಪತತೋ ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ಸೌಬಲಸ್ಯ ಪದಾನುಗಾನ್ ।
ಪ್ರತ್ಯುದ್ಯಯುರ್ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಾ ವಿಜಯೇ ವೃತಾಃ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.27.23 in Bengali sript:
তাংস্তদাপততো দৃষ্ট্বা সৌবলস্য পদানুগান্ ।
প্রত্যুদ্যযুর্মহারাজ পাণ্ডবা বিজযে বৃতাঃ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.27.23 in Gujarati sript:
તાંસ્તદાપતતો દૃષ્ટ્વા સૌબલસ્ય પદાનુગાન્ ।
પ્રત્યુદ્યયુર્મહારાજ પાણ્ડવા વિજયે વૃતાઃ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.27.23 in Malayalam sript:
താംസ്തദാപതതോ ദൃഷ്ട്വാ സൌബലസ്യ പദാനുഗാന് ।
പ്രത്യുദ്യയുര്മഹാരാജ പാണ്ഡവാ വിജയേ വൃതാഃ ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.27.23 in Telugu sript:
తాంస్తదాపతతో దృష్ట్వా సౌబలస్య పదానుగాన్ ।
ప్రత్యుద్యయుర్మహారాజ పాణ్డవా విజయే వృతాః ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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