Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.27.22

द्रवद्भिस्तत्र राजेन्द्र कृतः शब्दोऽतिदारुणः ।
क्षुब्धसागरसंकाशः क्षुभितः सर्वतोऽभवत् ॥ २२ ॥

dravadbhistatra rājendra kṛtaḥ śabdo'tidāruṇaḥ |
kṣubdhasāgarasaṃkāśaḥ kṣubhitaḥ sarvato'bhavat || 22 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...whetted on stone, and sped from bow-strings drawn to their ears. Those showers of arrows sped from their bows and arms, O monarch, shrouded all the points of the compass...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.27.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dravat, Tatra, Rajendra, Krit, Krita, Shabda, Atidaruna, Kshubdha, Sagara, Sankasha, Kshubhita, Sarvatah, Sarvata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.27.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dravadbhistatra rājendra kṛtaḥ śabdo'tidāruṇaḥ
  • dravadbhis -
  • dravat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dravat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
  • rājendra -
  • rājendra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṛtaḥ -
  • kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • śabdo' -
  • śabda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • atidāruṇaḥ -
  • atidāruṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kṣubdhasāgarasaṃkāśaḥ kṣubhitaḥ sarvato'bhavat
  • kṣubdha -
  • kṣubdha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣubdha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣubh -> kṣubdha (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 9 verb]
    kṣubh -> kṣubdha (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 9 verb]
  • sāgara -
  • sāgara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sāgara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṅkāśaḥ -
  • saṅkāśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣubhitaḥ -
  • kṣubhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṣubh -> kṣubhita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [nominative single from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṣubh class 9 verb]
  • sarvato' -
  • sarvataḥ (indeclinable)
    sarvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhavat -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.27.22

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.27.22 in Kannada sript:
ದ್ರವದ್ಭಿಸ್ತತ್ರ ರಾಜೇನ್ದ್ರ ಕೃತಃ ಶಬ್ದೋಽತಿದಾರುಣಃ ।
ಕ್ಷುಬ್ಧಸಾಗರಸಂಕಾಶಃ ಕ್ಷುಭಿತಃ ಸರ್ವತೋಽಭವತ್ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.27.22 in Bengali sript:
দ্রবদ্ভিস্তত্র রাজেন্দ্র কৃতঃ শব্দোঽতিদারুণঃ ।
ক্ষুব্ধসাগরসংকাশঃ ক্ষুভিতঃ সর্বতোঽভবত্ ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.27.22 in Gujarati sript:
દ્રવદ્ભિસ્તત્ર રાજેન્દ્ર કૃતઃ શબ્દોઽતિદારુણઃ ।
ક્ષુબ્ધસાગરસંકાશઃ ક્ષુભિતઃ સર્વતોઽભવત્ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.27.22 in Malayalam sript:
ദ്രവദ്ഭിസ്തത്ര രാജേന്ദ്ര കൃതഃ ശബ്ദോഽതിദാരുണഃ ।
ക്ഷുബ്ധസാഗരസംകാശഃ ക്ഷുഭിതഃ സര്വതോഽഭവത് ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.27.22 in Telugu sript:
ద్రవద్భిస్తత్ర రాజేన్ద్ర కృతః శబ్దోఽతిదారుణః ।
క్షుబ్ధసాగరసంకాశః క్షుభితః సర్వతోఽభవత్ ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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