Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.27.21

एवमुक्तास्तु ते राज्ञा सौबलस्य पदानुगाः ।
पाण्डवानभ्यवर्तन्त मृत्युं कृत्वा निवर्तनम् ॥ २१ ॥

evamuktāstu te rājñā saubalasya padānugāḥ |
pāṇḍavānabhyavartanta mṛtyuṃ kṛtvā nivartanam || 21 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...those heroes, O king, encountering one another in that battle, pierced one another with many keen arrows equipped with Kanka and peacock feathers, winged with gold...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.27.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Evam, Eva, Ukta, Tad, Yushmad, Rajan, Saubala, Padanuga, Pandava, Abhi, Mrityu, Kritva, Kritvan, Nivartana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.27.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “evamuktāstu te rājñ;ā saubalasya padānugāḥ
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uktās -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> uktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • rājñā -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • saubalasya -
  • saubala (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    saubala (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • padānugāḥ -
  • padānuga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    padānugā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “pāṇḍavānabhyavartanta mṛtyuṃ kṛtvā nivartanam
  • pāṇḍavān -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • avartanta -
  • vṛt (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third plural]
  • mṛtyum -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nivartanam -
  • nivartana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nivartana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nivartanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.27.21

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.27.21 in Kannada sript:
ಏವಮುಕ್ತಾಸ್ತು ತೇ ರಾಜ್ಞಾ ಸೌಬಲಸ್ಯ ಪದಾನುಗಾಃ ।
ಪಾಣ್ಡವಾನಭ್ಯವರ್ತನ್ತ ಮೃತ್ಯುಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ನಿವರ್ತನಮ್ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.27.21 in Bengali sript:
এবমুক্তাস্তু তে রাজ্ঞা সৌবলস্য পদানুগাঃ ।
পাণ্ডবানভ্যবর্তন্ত মৃত্যুং কৃত্বা নিবর্তনম্ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.27.21 in Gujarati sript:
એવમુક્તાસ્તુ તે રાજ્ઞા સૌબલસ્ય પદાનુગાઃ ।
પાણ્ડવાનભ્યવર્તન્ત મૃત્યું કૃત્વા નિવર્તનમ્ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.27.21 in Malayalam sript:
ഏവമുക്താസ്തു തേ രാജ്ഞാ സൌബലസ്യ പദാനുഗാഃ ।
പാണ്ഡവാനഭ്യവര്തന്ത മൃത്യും കൃത്വാ നിവര്തനമ് ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.27.21 in Telugu sript:
ఏవముక్తాస్తు తే రాజ్ఞా సౌబలస్య పదానుగాః ।
పాణ్డవానభ్యవర్తన్త మృత్యుం కృత్వా నివర్తనమ్ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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