Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.18.1

संजय उवाच ।
पातिते युधि दुर्धर्षे मद्रराजे महारथे ।
तावकास्तव पुत्राश्च प्रायशो विमुखाभवन् ॥ १ ॥

saṃjaya uvāca |
pātite yudhi durdharṣe madrarāje mahārathe |
tāvakāstava putrāśca prāyaśo vimukhābhavan || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...united together, and filled with great joy, blew their conchs. And all of them applauded Yudhishthira in that battle, even as the celestials in days of yore, had applauded...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.18.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sanjaya, Patita, Yudh, Durdharsha, Madraraja, Maharatha, Tavaka, Yushmad, Putra, Prayashah, Vimukha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.18.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃjaya uvāca
  • sañjaya* -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “pātite yudhi durdharṣe madrarāje mahārathe
  • pātite -
  • pātita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pātita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pātitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pat -> pātita (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √pat]
    pat -> pātita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √pat], [vocative dual from √pat], [accusative dual from √pat], [locative single from √pat]
    pat -> pātitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √pat], [vocative single from √pat], [vocative dual from √pat], [accusative dual from √pat]
  • yudhi -
  • yudh (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yudh (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • durdharṣe -
  • durdharṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    durdharṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    durdharṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • madrarāje -
  • madrarāja (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • mahārathe -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    mahāratha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    mahārathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 3: “tāvakāstava putrāśca prāyaśo vimukhābhavan
  • tāvakās -
  • tāvaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • putrāś -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prāyaśo* -
  • prāyaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vimukhā -
  • vimukha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vimukha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vimukhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhavan -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.18.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.18.1 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಜಯ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಪಾತಿತೇ ಯುಧಿ ದುರ್ಧರ್ಷೇ ಮದ್ರರಾಜೇ ಮಹಾರಥೇ ।
ತಾವಕಾಸ್ತವ ಪುತ್ರಾಶ್ಚ ಪ್ರಾಯಶೋ ವಿಮುಖಾಭವನ್ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.18.1 in Bengali sript:
সংজয উবাচ ।
পাতিতে যুধি দুর্ধর্ষে মদ্ররাজে মহারথে ।
তাবকাস্তব পুত্রাশ্চ প্রাযশো বিমুখাভবন্ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.18.1 in Gujarati sript:
સંજય ઉવાચ ।
પાતિતે યુધિ દુર્ધર્ષે મદ્રરાજે મહારથે ।
તાવકાસ્તવ પુત્રાશ્ચ પ્રાયશો વિમુખાભવન્ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.18.1 in Malayalam sript:
സംജയ ഉവാച ।
പാതിതേ യുധി ദുര്ധര്ഷേ മദ്രരാജേ മഹാരഥേ ।
താവകാസ്തവ പുത്രാശ്ച പ്രായശോ വിമുഖാഭവന് ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 9.18.1 in Telugu sript:
సంజయ ఉవాచ ।
పాతితే యుధి దుర్ధర్షే మద్రరాజే మహారథే ।
తావకాస్తవ పుత్రాశ్చ ప్రాయశో విముఖాభవన్ ॥ ౧ ॥

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