Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.68.47

हते स्म कर्णे सरितो न स्रवन्ति जगाम चास्तं कलुषो दिवाकरः ।
ग्रहश्च तिर्यग्ज्वलितार्कवर्णो यमस्य पुत्रोऽभ्युदियाय राजन् ॥ ४७ ॥

hate sma karṇe sarito na sravanti jagāma cāstaṃ kaluṣo divākaraḥ |
grahaśca tiryagjvalitārkavarṇo yamasya putro'bhyudiyāya rājan || 47 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...his foe Karna who was worshipped by the gods, the gandharvas, and human beings, Pritha’s son Arjuna looked resplendent in his energy like the deity of a 1,000 eyes after the slaughter of Vritra. Then riding on...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.68.47). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hata, Hati, Sma, Karna, Karni, Sarit, Sarita, Sravanti, Sravat, Kalusha, Divakara, Graha, Grahas, Tiryak, Jvalitri, Jvalita, Arka, Varna, Yama, Putra, Rajan, Rajat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.68.47). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hate sma karṇe sarito na sravanti jagāma cāstaṃ kaluṣo divākaraḥ
  • hate -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    hatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    hati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √han class 1 verb], [locative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √han class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 1 verb], [locative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √han class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 2 verb], [locative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √han class 2 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • karṇe -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    karṇi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    karṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sarito* -
  • sarit (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sarita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sravanti -
  • sravantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    sravat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sru -> sravat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √sru class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sru class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √sru class 1 verb]
    sru -> sravantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √sru class 1 verb]
    sru (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • jagāma -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active first plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • cās -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kaluṣo* -
  • kaluṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • divākaraḥ -
  • divākara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “grahaśca tiryagjvalitārkavarṇo yamasya putro'bhyudiyāya rājan
  • grahaś -
  • grahas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    graha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tiryag -
  • tiryak (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • jvalitā -
  • jvalita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jvalita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √jval]
    jvalitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jvalitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √jval class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √jval class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jval]
    jval -> jvalitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √jval class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jval]
    jval (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • arka -
  • arka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • varṇo* -
  • varṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yamasya -
  • yama (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yama (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • putro' -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhyud -
  • abhyud (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • iyāya -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.68.47

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.68.47 in Kannada sript:
ಹತೇ ಸ್ಮ ಕರ್ಣೇ ಸರಿತೋ ನ ಸ್ರವನ್ತಿ ಜಗಾಮ ಚಾಸ್ತಂ ಕಲುಷೋ ದಿವಾಕರಃ ।
ಗ್ರಹಶ್ಚ ತಿರ್ಯಗ್ಜ್ವಲಿತಾರ್ಕವರ್ಣೋ ಯಮಸ್ಯ ಪುತ್ರೋಽಭ್ಯುದಿಯಾಯ ರಾಜನ್ ॥ ೪೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.68.47 in Bengali sript:
হতে স্ম কর্ণে সরিতো ন স্রবন্তি জগাম চাস্তং কলুষো দিবাকরঃ ।
গ্রহশ্চ তির্যগ্জ্বলিতার্কবর্ণো যমস্য পুত্রোঽভ্যুদিযায রাজন্ ॥ ৪৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.68.47 in Gujarati sript:
હતે સ્મ કર્ણે સરિતો ન સ્રવન્તિ જગામ ચાસ્તં કલુષો દિવાકરઃ ।
ગ્રહશ્ચ તિર્યગ્જ્વલિતાર્કવર્ણો યમસ્ય પુત્રોઽભ્યુદિયાય રાજન્ ॥ ૪૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.68.47 in Malayalam sript:
ഹതേ സ്മ കര്ണേ സരിതോ ന സ്രവന്തി ജഗാമ ചാസ്തം കലുഷോ ദിവാകരഃ ।
ഗ്രഹശ്ച തിര്യഗ്ജ്വലിതാര്കവര്ണോ യമസ്യ പുത്രോഽഭ്യുദിയായ രാജന് ॥ ൪൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.68.47 in Telugu sript:
హతే స్మ కర్ణే సరితో న స్రవన్తి జగామ చాస్తం కలుషో దివాకరః ।
గ్రహశ్చ తిర్యగ్జ్వలితార్కవర్ణో యమస్య పుత్రోఽభ్యుదియాయ రాజన్ ॥ ౪౭ ॥

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