Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.62.18

तमभ्यधावन्नकुलः प्रवीरो रोषादमित्रं प्रतुदन्पृषत्कैः ।
कर्णस्य पुत्रं समरे प्रहृष्टं जिष्णुर्जिघांसुर्मघवेव जम्भम् ॥ १८ ॥

tamabhyadhāvannakulaḥ pravīro roṣādamitraṃ pratudanpṛṣatkaiḥ |
karṇasya putraṃ samare prahṛṣṭaṃ jiṣṇurjighāṃsurmaghaveva jambham || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...are used by car-warriors? That the Suta’s son should today have succeeded in baffling the arrows shot by you seems to me to be very amazing. Recollect the woes of Krishna, and those disagreeable, keen, and cutting...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.62.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tama, Bha, Akula, Pravira, Rosha, Amitra, Pra, Tudat, Prishatka, Karna, Putra, Samara, Prahrishta, Jishnu, Jighamsu, Maghava, Maghavan, Iva, Jambha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.62.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tamabhyadhāvannakulaḥ pravīro roṣādamitraṃ pratudanpṛṣatkaiḥ
  • tama -
  • tama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhya -
  • bhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhā (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • adhāvann -
  • dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
    dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • akulaḥ -
  • akula (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pravīro* -
  • pravīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • roṣād -
  • roṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • amitram -
  • amitra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    amitra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    amitrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tudan -
  • tud -> tudat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tud class 6 verb], [vocative single from √tud class 6 verb]
  • pṛṣatkaiḥ -
  • pṛṣatka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “karṇasya putraṃ samare prahṛṣṭaṃ jiṣṇurjighāṃsurmaghaveva jambham
  • karṇasya -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • putram -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • prahṛṣṭam -
  • prahṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prahṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prahṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jiṣṇur -
  • jiṣṇu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jiṣṇu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • jighāṃsur -
  • jighāṃsu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jighāṃsu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • maghave -
  • maghava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    maghavan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    maghavan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    maghavā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • jambham -
  • jambha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jambhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.62.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.62.18 in Kannada sript:
ತಮಭ್ಯಧಾವನ್ನಕುಲಃ ಪ್ರವೀರೋ ರೋಷಾದಮಿತ್ರಂ ಪ್ರತುದನ್ಪೃಷತ್ಕೈಃ ।
ಕರ್ಣಸ್ಯ ಪುತ್ರಂ ಸಮರೇ ಪ್ರಹೃಷ್ಟಂ ಜಿಷ್ಣುರ್ಜಿಘಾಂಸುರ್ಮಘವೇವ ಜಮ್ಭಮ್ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.62.18 in Bengali sript:
তমভ্যধাবন্নকুলঃ প্রবীরো রোষাদমিত্রং প্রতুদন্পৃষত্কৈঃ ।
কর্ণস্য পুত্রং সমরে প্রহৃষ্টং জিষ্ণুর্জিঘাংসুর্মঘবেব জম্ভম্ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.62.18 in Gujarati sript:
તમભ્યધાવન્નકુલઃ પ્રવીરો રોષાદમિત્રં પ્રતુદન્પૃષત્કૈઃ ।
કર્ણસ્ય પુત્રં સમરે પ્રહૃષ્ટં જિષ્ણુર્જિઘાંસુર્મઘવેવ જમ્ભમ્ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.62.18 in Malayalam sript:
തമഭ്യധാവന്നകുലഃ പ്രവീരോ രോഷാദമിത്രം പ്രതുദന്പൃഷത്കൈഃ ।
കര്ണസ്യ പുത്രം സമരേ പ്രഹൃഷ്ടം ജിഷ്ണുര്ജിഘാംസുര്മഘവേവ ജമ്ഭമ് ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.62.18 in Telugu sript:
తమభ్యధావన్నకులః ప్రవీరో రోషాదమిత్రం ప్రతుదన్పృషత్కైః ।
కర్ణస్య పుత్రం సమరే ప్రహృష్టం జిష్ణుర్జిఘాంసుర్మఘవేవ జమ్భమ్ ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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