Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.60.28

रथद्विपा वाजिपदातयोऽपि वा भ्रमन्ति नानाविधशस्त्रवेष्टिताः ।
परस्परेणाभिहताश्च चस्खलुर्विनेदुरार्ता व्यसवोऽपतन्त च ॥ २८ ॥

rathadvipā vājipadātayo'pi vā bhramanti nānāvidhaśastraveṣṭitāḥ |
paraspareṇābhihatāśca caskhalurvinedurārtā vyasavo'patanta ca || 28 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...closed with each other like two infuriated Himalayan elephants, both of full-grown tusks, fighting with each other for the sake of a she-elephant in her season. Like a mass of clouds encountering another mass,...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.60.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ratha, Dvipa, Vajipa, Dati, Api, Var, Bhramat, Bhramanti, Nanavidha, Shastra, Veshtita, Paraspara, Abhihata, Vina, Dur, Dura, Arta, Vyasu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.60.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rathadvipā vājipadātayo'pi bhramanti nānāvidhaśastraveṣṭitāḥ
  • ratha -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dvipā* -
  • dvipa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • vājipa -
  • vājipa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vājipa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dātayo' -
  • dāti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhramanti -
  • bhramantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    bhramantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhramantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhramat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhram (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • nānāvidha -
  • nānāvidha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nānāvidha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śastra -
  • śastra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śastra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • veṣṭitāḥ -
  • veṣṭita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    veṣṭitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    veṣṭ -> veṣṭita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √veṣṭ], [vocative plural from √veṣṭ]
    veṣṭ -> veṣṭitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √veṣṭ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √veṣṭ], [vocative plural from √veṣṭ], [accusative plural from √veṣṭ]
  • Line 2: “paraspareṇābhihatāśca caskhalurvinedurārtā vyasavo'patanta ca
  • paraspareṇā -
  • paraspara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    paraspara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • abhihatāś -
  • abhihata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    abhihatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • caskhalur -
  • skhal (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • vine -
  • vi (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    vina (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vina (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • durā -
  • dura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dur (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    dur (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ārtā* -
  • ārta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ārtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vyasavo' -
  • vyasu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • apatan -
  • pat (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.60.28

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.60.28 in Kannada sript:
ರಥದ್ವಿಪಾ ವಾಜಿಪದಾತಯೋಽಪಿ ವಾ ಭ್ರಮನ್ತಿ ನಾನಾವಿಧಶಸ್ತ್ರವೇಷ್ಟಿತಾಃ ।
ಪರಸ್ಪರೇಣಾಭಿಹತಾಶ್ಚ ಚಸ್ಖಲುರ್ವಿನೇದುರಾರ್ತಾ ವ್ಯಸವೋಽಪತನ್ತ ಚ ॥ ೨೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.60.28 in Bengali sript:
রথদ্বিপা বাজিপদাতযোঽপি বা ভ্রমন্তি নানাবিধশস্ত্রবেষ্টিতাঃ ।
পরস্পরেণাভিহতাশ্চ চস্খলুর্বিনেদুরার্তা ব্যসবোঽপতন্ত চ ॥ ২৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.60.28 in Gujarati sript:
રથદ્વિપા વાજિપદાતયોઽપિ વા ભ્રમન્તિ નાનાવિધશસ્ત્રવેષ્ટિતાઃ ।
પરસ્પરેણાભિહતાશ્ચ ચસ્ખલુર્વિનેદુરાર્તા વ્યસવોઽપતન્ત ચ ॥ ૨૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.60.28 in Malayalam sript:
രഥദ്വിപാ വാജിപദാതയോഽപി വാ ഭ്രമന്തി നാനാവിധശസ്ത്രവേഷ്ടിതാഃ ।
പരസ്പരേണാഭിഹതാശ്ച ചസ്ഖലുര്വിനേദുരാര്താ വ്യസവോഽപതന്ത ച ॥ ൨൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.60.28 in Telugu sript:
రథద్విపా వాజిపదాతయోఽపి వా భ్రమన్తి నానావిధశస్త్రవేష్టితాః ।
పరస్పరేణాభిహతాశ్చ చస్ఖలుర్వినేదురార్తా వ్యసవోఽపతన్త చ ॥ ౨౮ ॥

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