Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.51.19

अन्ध्रकाश्च पुलिन्दाश्च किराताश्चोग्रविक्रमाः ।
म्लेच्छाश्च पार्वतीयाश्च सागरानूपवासिनः ।
संरम्भिणो युद्धशौण्डा बलिनो दृब्धपाणयः ॥ १९ ॥

andhrakāśca pulindāśca kirātāścogravikramāḥ |
mlecchāśca pārvatīyāśca sāgarānūpavāsinaḥ |
saṃrambhiṇo yuddhaśauṇḍā balino dṛbdhapāṇayaḥ || 19 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...sons of Draupadi of their cars, O bull of Bharata’s race, which seemed exceedingly wonderful. Indeed, with his straight shafts casting those heroes to turn back from the fight, the heroic Karna began to slay the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.51.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Andhraka, Pulinda, Kirata, Ugravikrama, Mleccha, Parvatiya, Sagaranupavasina, Samrambhin, Yuddha, Shaunda, Balin, Bali, Dribdha, Pani,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.51.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “andhrakāśca pulindāśca kirātāścogravikramāḥ
  • andhrakāś -
  • andhraka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pulindāś -
  • pulinda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pulindā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kirātāś -
  • kirāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • co -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ugravikramāḥ -
  • ugravikrama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “mlecchāśca pārvatīyāśca sāgarānūpavāsinaḥ
  • mlecchāś -
  • mleccha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pārvatīyāś -
  • pārvatīya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pārvatīyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sāgarānūpavāsinaḥ -
  • sāgarānūpavāsina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “saṃrambhiṇo yuddhaśauṇḍā balino dṛbdhapāṇayaḥ
  • saṃrambhiṇo* -
  • saṃrambhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    saṃrambhin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • yuddha -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • śauṇḍā* -
  • śauṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śauṇḍā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • balino* -
  • balin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    balin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    balī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • dṛbdha -
  • dṛbdha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dṛbdha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pāṇayaḥ -
  • pāṇi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.51.19

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.51.19 in Kannada sript:
ಅನ್ಧ್ರಕಾಶ್ಚ ಪುಲಿನ್ದಾಶ್ಚ ಕಿರಾತಾಶ್ಚೋಗ್ರವಿಕ್ರಮಾಃ ।
ಮ್ಲೇಚ್ಛಾಶ್ಚ ಪಾರ್ವತೀಯಾಶ್ಚ ಸಾಗರಾನೂಪವಾಸಿನಃ ।
ಸಂರಮ್ಭಿಣೋ ಯುದ್ಧಶೌಣ್ಡಾ ಬಲಿನೋ ದೃಬ್ಧಪಾಣಯಃ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.51.19 in Bengali sript:
অন্ধ্রকাশ্চ পুলিন্দাশ্চ কিরাতাশ্চোগ্রবিক্রমাঃ ।
ম্লেচ্ছাশ্চ পার্বতীযাশ্চ সাগরানূপবাসিনঃ ।
সংরম্ভিণো যুদ্ধশৌণ্ডা বলিনো দৃব্ধপাণযঃ ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.51.19 in Gujarati sript:
અન્ધ્રકાશ્ચ પુલિન્દાશ્ચ કિરાતાશ્ચોગ્રવિક્રમાઃ ।
મ્લેચ્છાશ્ચ પાર્વતીયાશ્ચ સાગરાનૂપવાસિનઃ ।
સંરમ્ભિણો યુદ્ધશૌણ્ડા બલિનો દૃબ્ધપાણયઃ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.51.19 in Malayalam sript:
അന്ധ്രകാശ്ച പുലിന്ദാശ്ച കിരാതാശ്ചോഗ്രവിക്രമാഃ ।
മ്ലേച്ഛാശ്ച പാര്വതീയാശ്ച സാഗരാനൂപവാസിനഃ ।
സംരമ്ഭിണോ യുദ്ധശൌണ്ഡാ ബലിനോ ദൃബ്ധപാണയഃ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.51.19 in Telugu sript:
అన్ధ్రకాశ్చ పులిన్దాశ్చ కిరాతాశ్చోగ్రవిక్రమాః ।
మ్లేచ్ఛాశ్చ పార్వతీయాశ్చ సాగరానూపవాసినః ।
సంరమ్భిణో యుద్ధశౌణ్డా బలినో దృబ్ధపాణయః ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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