Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.46.45

यो नः पुरा षण्ढतिलानवोचत्सभामध्ये पार्थिवानां समक्षम् ।
स दुर्मतिः कच्चिदुपेत्य संख्ये त्वया हतः सूतपुत्रोऽत्यमर्षी ॥ ४५ ॥

yo naḥ purā ṣaṇḍhatilānavocatsabhāmadhye pārthivānāṃ samakṣam |
sa durmatiḥ kaccidupetya saṃkhye tvayā hataḥ sūtaputro'tyamarṣī || 45 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...the terraces of numberless cars empty and deprived innumerable elephants and steeds of life. Having assumed the form of Rudra or of Upendra in battle, he afflicted the Pandava divisions and caused a great carnage...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.46.45). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Asmad, Pura, Pur, Shandhatila, Sabhamadhye, Sabhamadhya, Parthiva, Samaksham, Samaksha, Durmati, Sankhya, Tva, Yushmad, Hata, Sutaputra, Atyamarshin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.46.45). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo naḥ purā ṣaṇḍhatilānavocatsabhāmadhye pārthivānāṃ samakṣam
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • naḥ -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • purā -
  • purā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṣaṇḍhatilān -
  • ṣaṇḍhatila (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • avocat -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [aorist active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third single]
  • sabhāmadhye -
  • sabhāmadhye (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sabhāmadhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sabhāmadhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • pārthivānām -
  • pārthiva (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    pārthiva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • samakṣam -
  • samakṣam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    samakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    samakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    samakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “sa durmatiḥ kaccidupetya saṃkhye tvayā hataḥ sūtaputro'tyamarṣī
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • durmatiḥ -
  • durmati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    durmati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Cannot analyse kaccidupetya*sa
  • saṅkhye -
  • saṅkhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    saṅkhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    saṅkhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • hataḥ -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • sūtaputro' -
  • sūtaputra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • atyamarṣī -
  • atyamarṣin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.46.45

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.46.45 in Kannada sript:
ಯೋ ನಃ ಪುರಾ ಷಣ್ಢತಿಲಾನವೋಚತ್ಸಭಾಮಧ್ಯೇ ಪಾರ್ಥಿವಾನಾಂ ಸಮಕ್ಷಮ್ ।
ಸ ದುರ್ಮತಿಃ ಕಚ್ಚಿದುಪೇತ್ಯ ಸಂಖ್ಯೇ ತ್ವಯಾ ಹತಃ ಸೂತಪುತ್ರೋಽತ್ಯಮರ್ಷೀ ॥ ೪೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.46.45 in Bengali sript:
যো নঃ পুরা ষণ্ঢতিলানবোচত্সভামধ্যে পার্থিবানাং সমক্ষম্ ।
স দুর্মতিঃ কচ্চিদুপেত্য সংখ্যে ত্বযা হতঃ সূতপুত্রোঽত্যমর্ষী ॥ ৪৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.46.45 in Gujarati sript:
યો નઃ પુરા ષણ્ઢતિલાનવોચત્સભામધ્યે પાર્થિવાનાં સમક્ષમ્ ।
સ દુર્મતિઃ કચ્ચિદુપેત્ય સંખ્યે ત્વયા હતઃ સૂતપુત્રોઽત્યમર્ષી ॥ ૪૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.46.45 in Malayalam sript:
യോ നഃ പുരാ ഷണ്ഢതിലാനവോചത്സഭാമധ്യേ പാര്ഥിവാനാം സമക്ഷമ് ।
സ ദുര്മതിഃ കച്ചിദുപേത്യ സംഖ്യേ ത്വയാ ഹതഃ സൂതപുത്രോഽത്യമര്ഷീ ॥ ൪൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.46.45 in Telugu sript:
యో నః పురా షణ్ఢతిలానవోచత్సభామధ్యే పార్థివానాం సమక్షమ్ ।
స దుర్మతిః కచ్చిదుపేత్య సంఖ్యే త్వయా హతః సూతపుత్రోఽత్యమర్షీ ॥ ౪౫ ॥

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