Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.46.29

स त्वया पुरुषव्याघ्र कथं युद्धे निषूदितः ।
तं ममाचक्ष्व बीभत्सो यथा कर्णो हतस्त्वया ॥ २९ ॥

sa tvayā puruṣavyāghra kathaṃ yuddhe niṣūditaḥ |
taṃ mamācakṣva bībhatso yathā karṇo hatastvayā || 29 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Bhishma. Who, indeed, O Partha, could vanquish in battle those two mighty car-warriors of the Bharatas, Bhishma and Drona, both of whom were endued with prowess equal to that of Sakra himself? Save you, O tiger...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.46.29). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tva, Yushmad, Purushavyaghra, Katham, Katha, Yuddha, Nishudita, Tap, Bibhatsa, Yatha, Karna, Hata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.46.29). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa tvayā puruṣavyāghra kathaṃ yuddhe niṣūditaḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • puruṣavyāghra -
  • puruṣavyāghra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yuddhe -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • niṣūditaḥ -
  • niṣūdita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “taṃ mamācakṣva bībhatso yathā karṇo hatastvayā
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • mamāca -
  • mac (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • kṣva -
  • bībhatso* -
  • bībhatsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • karṇo* -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hatas -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.46.29

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.46.29 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ತ್ವಯಾ ಪುರುಷವ್ಯಾಘ್ರ ಕಥಂ ಯುದ್ಧೇ ನಿಷೂದಿತಃ ।
ತಂ ಮಮಾಚಕ್ಷ್ವ ಬೀಭತ್ಸೋ ಯಥಾ ಕರ್ಣೋ ಹತಸ್ತ್ವಯಾ ॥ ೨೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.46.29 in Bengali sript:
স ত্বযা পুরুষব্যাঘ্র কথং যুদ্ধে নিষূদিতঃ ।
তং মমাচক্ষ্ব বীভত্সো যথা কর্ণো হতস্ত্বযা ॥ ২৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.46.29 in Gujarati sript:
સ ત્વયા પુરુષવ્યાઘ્ર કથં યુદ્ધે નિષૂદિતઃ ।
તં મમાચક્ષ્વ બીભત્સો યથા કર્ણો હતસ્ત્વયા ॥ ૨૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.46.29 in Malayalam sript:
സ ത്വയാ പുരുഷവ്യാഘ്ര കഥം യുദ്ധേ നിഷൂദിതഃ ।
തം മമാചക്ഷ്വ ബീഭത്സോ യഥാ കര്ണോ ഹതസ്ത്വയാ ॥ ൨൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.46.29 in Telugu sript:
స త్వయా పురుషవ్యాఘ్ర కథం యుద్ధే నిషూదితః ।
తం మమాచక్ష్వ బీభత్సో యథా కర్ణో హతస్త్వయా ॥ ౨౯ ॥

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