Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.40.127

तं विसंज्ञं महाराज किरीटिभयपीडितम् ।
अपोवाह रणात्सूतो रक्षमाणो धनंजयात् ॥ १२७ ॥

taṃ visaṃjñaṃ mahārāja kirīṭibhayapīḍitam |
apovāha raṇātsūto rakṣamāṇo dhanaṃjayāt || 127 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that hero, taking up his ancient and foremost of bows called Vijaya, stringed it and rubbed the string repeatedly. Bidding the troops stay on the field after having assured them upon his truth and by an oath, the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.40.127). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Visanjna, Maharaja, Maharajan, Kiriti, Kiritin, Bhaya, Piditam, Pidita, Apa, Rana, Suta, Raksha, Dhananjaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.40.127). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “taṃ visaṃjñaṃ mahārāja kirīṭibhayapīḍitam
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • visañjñam -
  • visañjña (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    visañjña (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    visañjñā (noun, feminine)
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kirīṭi -
  • kirīṭī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    kirīṭin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kirīṭin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bhaya -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhī (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pīḍitam -
  • pīḍitam (indeclinable)
    pīḍita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pīḍita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pīḍitā (noun, feminine)
    pīḍ -> pīḍita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb]
    pīḍ -> pīḍita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb], [accusative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb]
  • Line 2: “apovāha raṇātsūto rakṣamāṇo dhanaṃjayāt
  • apo -
  • apa (indeclinable)
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    apa (Preverb)
    apā (Preverb)
  • uvāha -
  • vah (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • raṇāt -
  • raṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    raṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • sūto* -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 1 verb], [nominative single from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • rakṣam -
  • rakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rakṣā (noun, feminine)
  • āṇo* -
  • aṇ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • dhanañjayāt -
  • dhanañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    dhanañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.40.127

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.40.127 in Kannada sript:
ತಂ ವಿಸಂಜ್ಞಂ ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಕಿರೀಟಿಭಯಪೀಡಿತಮ್ ।
ಅಪೋವಾಹ ರಣಾತ್ಸೂತೋ ರಕ್ಷಮಾಣೋ ಧನಂಜಯಾತ್ ॥ ೧೨೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.40.127 in Bengali sript:
তং বিসংজ্ঞং মহারাজ কিরীটিভযপীডিতম্ ।
অপোবাহ রণাত্সূতো রক্ষমাণো ধনংজযাত্ ॥ ১২৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.40.127 in Gujarati sript:
તં વિસંજ્ઞં મહારાજ કિરીટિભયપીડિતમ્ ।
અપોવાહ રણાત્સૂતો રક્ષમાણો ધનંજયાત્ ॥ ૧૨૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.40.127 in Malayalam sript:
തം വിസംജ്ഞം മഹാരാജ കിരീടിഭയപീഡിതമ് ।
അപോവാഹ രണാത്സൂതോ രക്ഷമാണോ ധനംജയാത് ॥ ൧൨൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.40.127 in Telugu sript:
తం విసంజ్ఞం మహారాజ కిరీటిభయపీడితమ్ ।
అపోవాహ రణాత్సూతో రక్షమాణో ధనంజయాత్ ॥ ౧౨౭ ॥

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