Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.39.4

द्रौणायनिशरच्छन्नं न प्राज्ञायत किंचन ।
बाणभूतमभूत्सर्वमायोधनशिरो हि तत् ॥ ४ ॥

drauṇāyaniśaracchannaṃ na prājñāyata kiṃcana |
bāṇabhūtamabhūtsarvamāyodhanaśiro hi tat || 4 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...gods and the Asuras, let all the Kauravas behold your prowess. Beholding you filled with great rage and Karna also excited to fury, O bull of Bharata’s race, Duryodhana in wrath will not be able to do anything...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.39.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sharad, Shanna, Prajna, Kincana, Bana, Bhuta, Sarvamaya, Udhan, Ashira, Ashiras, Tat, Tad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.39.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “drauṇāyaniśaracchannaṃ na prājñāyata kiṃcana
  • drauṇāyani -
  • drauṇāyani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śaracch -
  • śarad (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • śannam -
  • śanna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śanna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śannā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śad -> śanna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śad class 1 verb], [accusative single from √śad class 6 verb]
    śad -> śanna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śad class 1 verb], [accusative single from √śad class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śad class 6 verb], [accusative single from √śad class 6 verb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prājñāya -
  • prājña (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    prājña (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • kiñcana -
  • kiñcana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kiñcana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “bāṇabhūtamabhūtsarvamāyodhanaśiro hi tat
  • bāṇa -
  • bāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūtam -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active second dual]
  • abhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • sarvamāyo -
  • sarvamāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • udhan -
  • udhan (noun, neuter)
    [vocative single]
  • aśiro* -
  • aśiras (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    aśiras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    aśira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.39.4

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.39.4 in Kannada sript:
ದ್ರೌಣಾಯನಿಶರಚ್ಛನ್ನಂ ನ ಪ್ರಾಜ್ಞಾಯತ ಕಿಂಚನ ।
ಬಾಣಭೂತಮಭೂತ್ಸರ್ವಮಾಯೋಧನಶಿರೋ ಹಿ ತತ್ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.39.4 in Bengali sript:
দ্রৌণাযনিশরচ্ছন্নং ন প্রাজ্ঞাযত কিংচন ।
বাণভূতমভূত্সর্বমাযোধনশিরো হি তত্ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.39.4 in Gujarati sript:
દ્રૌણાયનિશરચ્છન્નં ન પ્રાજ્ઞાયત કિંચન ।
બાણભૂતમભૂત્સર્વમાયોધનશિરો હિ તત્ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.39.4 in Malayalam sript:
ദ്രൌണായനിശരച്ഛന്നം ന പ്രാജ്ഞായത കിംചന ।
ബാണഭൂതമഭൂത്സര്വമായോധനശിരോ ഹി തത് ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.39.4 in Telugu sript:
ద్రౌణాయనిశరచ్ఛన్నం న ప్రాజ్ఞాయత కించన ।
బాణభూతమభూత్సర్వమాయోధనశిరో హి తత్ ॥ ౪ ॥

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