Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.32.44

त एनं विविधैः शस्त्रैः शरधाराभिरेव च ।
अभ्यवर्षन्विमृद्नन्तः प्रावृषीवाम्बुदा गिरिम् ॥ ४४ ॥

ta enaṃ vividhaiḥ śastraiḥ śaradhārābhireva ca |
abhyavarṣanvimṛdnantaḥ prāvṛṣīvāmbudā girim || 44 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...with the heads of combatants that formed their rocks. And the hair of the warriors constituted their floating weeds and moss. Bones formed the fishes with which they teemed, and bows and arrows and maces formed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.32.44). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tas, Ina, Vividha, Shastra, Shara, Sharan, Dhara, Eva, Abhi, Mridnat, Pravrish, Iva, Ambuda, Giri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.32.44). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ta enaṃ vividhaiḥ śastraiḥ śaradhārābhireva ca
  • ta* -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • e -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • inam -
  • ina (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ina (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    inā (noun, feminine)
  • vividhaiḥ -
  • vividha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vividha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • śastraiḥ -
  • śastra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    śastra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • śara -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaran (noun, masculine)
    śaran (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dhārābhir -
  • dhārā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “abhyavarṣanvimṛdnantaḥ prāvṛṣīvāmbudā girim
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
  • avarṣan -
  • vṛṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    (noun, feminine)
    (noun, masculine)
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • mṛdnantaḥ -
  • mṛd -> mṛdnat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √mṛd class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √mṛd class 9 verb]
    mṛdnat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • prāvṛṣī -
  • prāvṛṣ (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • ambudā* -
  • ambuda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • girim -
  • giri (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    giri (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.32.44

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.32.44 in Kannada sript:
ತ ಏನಂ ವಿವಿಧೈಃ ಶಸ್ತ್ರೈಃ ಶರಧಾರಾಭಿರೇವ ಚ ।
ಅಭ್ಯವರ್ಷನ್ವಿಮೃದ್ನನ್ತಃ ಪ್ರಾವೃಷೀವಾಮ್ಬುದಾ ಗಿರಿಮ್ ॥ ೪೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.32.44 in Bengali sript:
ত এনং বিবিধৈঃ শস্ত্রৈঃ শরধারাভিরেব চ ।
অভ্যবর্ষন্বিমৃদ্নন্তঃ প্রাবৃষীবাম্বুদা গিরিম্ ॥ ৪৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.32.44 in Gujarati sript:
ત એનં વિવિધૈઃ શસ્ત્રૈઃ શરધારાભિરેવ ચ ।
અભ્યવર્ષન્વિમૃદ્નન્તઃ પ્રાવૃષીવામ્બુદા ગિરિમ્ ॥ ૪૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.32.44 in Malayalam sript:
ത ഏനം വിവിധൈഃ ശസ്ത്രൈഃ ശരധാരാഭിരേവ ച ।
അഭ്യവര്ഷന്വിമൃദ്നന്തഃ പ്രാവൃഷീവാമ്ബുദാ ഗിരിമ് ॥ ൪൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.32.44 in Telugu sript:
త ఏనం వివిధైః శస్త్రైః శరధారాభిరేవ చ ।
అభ్యవర్షన్విమృద్నన్తః ప్రావృషీవామ్బుదా గిరిమ్ ॥ ౪౪ ॥

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