Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.27.71

स्त्रियो बालाश्च वृद्धाश्च प्रायः क्रीडागता जनाः ।
या गाथाः संप्रगायन्ति कुर्वन्तोऽध्ययनं यथा ।
ता गाथाः शृणु मे शल्य मद्रकेषु दुरात्मसु ॥ ७१ ॥

striyo bālāśca vṛddhāśca prāyaḥ krīḍāgatā janāḥ |
yā gāthāḥ saṃpragāyanti kurvanto'dhyayanaṃ yathā |
tā gāthāḥ śṛṇu me śalya madrakeṣu durātmasu || 71 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...are not a sharer in their merits. In days of yore, when the eternal religion was reverenced in all countries, the Grandsire, observing the practices of the country of the five rivers, cried fie on them. When even...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.27.71). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Stri, Bala, Vriddha, Praya, Prayas, Krida, Agata, Jana, Gatha, Praga, Ayat, Kurvat, Adhyayana, Yatha, Tas, Asmad, Shalya, Madraka, Duratman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.27.71). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “striyo bālāśca vṛddhāśca prāyaḥ krīḍāgatā janāḥ
  • striyo* -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bālāś -
  • bāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vṛddhāś -
  • vṛddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vṛddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vṛdh -> vṛddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb]
    vṛdh -> vṛddhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prāyaḥ -
  • prāyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prāya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • krīḍā -
  • krīḍa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    krīḍa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    krīḍā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    krīḍ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • agatā* -
  • agata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    agatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • janāḥ -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “ gāthāḥ saṃpragāyanti kurvanto'dhyayanaṃ yathā
  • yā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gāthāḥ -
  • gātha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gāthā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sam -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pragā -
  • praga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    praga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pragā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ayanti -
  • ayat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kurvanto' -
  • kurvat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṛ -> kurvat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • adhyayanam -
  • adhyayana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 3: “ gāthāḥ śṛṇu me śalya madrakeṣu durātmasu
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gāthāḥ -
  • gātha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gāthā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • śalya -
  • śalya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śalya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śal -> śalya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śal]
    śal -> śalya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śal class 10 verb]
    śal -> śalya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śal class 10 verb]
  • madrakeṣu -
  • madraka (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    madraka (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • durātmasu -
  • durātman (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    durātman (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.27.71

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.27.71 in Kannada sript:
ಸ್ತ್ರಿಯೋ ಬಾಲಾಶ್ಚ ವೃದ್ಧಾಶ್ಚ ಪ್ರಾಯಃ ಕ್ರೀಡಾಗತಾ ಜನಾಃ ।
ಯಾ ಗಾಥಾಃ ಸಂಪ್ರಗಾಯನ್ತಿ ಕುರ್ವನ್ತೋಽಧ್ಯಯನಂ ಯಥಾ ।
ತಾ ಗಾಥಾಃ ಶೃಣು ಮೇ ಶಲ್ಯ ಮದ್ರಕೇಷು ದುರಾತ್ಮಸು ॥ ೭೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.27.71 in Bengali sript:
স্ত্রিযো বালাশ্চ বৃদ্ধাশ্চ প্রাযঃ ক্রীডাগতা জনাঃ ।
যা গাথাঃ সংপ্রগাযন্তি কুর্বন্তোঽধ্যযনং যথা ।
তা গাথাঃ শৃণু মে শল্য মদ্রকেষু দুরাত্মসু ॥ ৭১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.27.71 in Gujarati sript:
સ્ત્રિયો બાલાશ્ચ વૃદ્ધાશ્ચ પ્રાયઃ ક્રીડાગતા જનાઃ ।
યા ગાથાઃ સંપ્રગાયન્તિ કુર્વન્તોઽધ્યયનં યથા ।
તા ગાથાઃ શૃણુ મે શલ્ય મદ્રકેષુ દુરાત્મસુ ॥ ૭૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.27.71 in Malayalam sript:
സ്ത്രിയോ ബാലാശ്ച വൃദ്ധാശ്ച പ്രായഃ ക്രീഡാഗതാ ജനാഃ ।
യാ ഗാഥാഃ സംപ്രഗായന്തി കുര്വന്തോഽധ്യയനം യഥാ ।
താ ഗാഥാഃ ശൃണു മേ ശല്യ മദ്രകേഷു ദുരാത്മസു ॥ ൭൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.27.71 in Telugu sript:
స్త్రియో బాలాశ్చ వృద్ధాశ్చ ప్రాయః క్రీడాగతా జనాః ।
యా గాథాః సంప్రగాయన్తి కుర్వన్తోఽధ్యయనం యథా ।
తా గాథాః శృణు మే శల్య మద్రకేషు దురాత్మసు ॥ ౭౧ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: