Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.18.50

विनिःश्वस्य ततः क्रुद्धः कृपः शारद्वतो नृप ।
पार्षतं छादयामास निश्चेष्टं सर्वमर्मसु ॥ ५० ॥

viniḥśvasya tataḥ kruddhaḥ kṛpaḥ śāradvato nṛpa |
pārṣataṃ chādayāmāsa niśceṣṭaṃ sarvamarmasu || 50 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...illustrious son of Pandu. Either I will slay that hero today, or he will slay me. In consequence of the diverse things both myself and Partha had to do, O Bharata, an encounter, O king, could not hitherto take...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.18.50). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nihshvasya, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Kruddha, Krip, Kripa, Sharadvata, Nripa, Parshata, Nishceshta, Sarvam, Sarva, Arman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.18.50). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “viniḥśvasya tataḥ kruddhaḥ kṛpaḥ śāradvato nṛpa
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • niḥśvasya -
  • niḥśvasya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    niḥśvasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    niḥśvasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • kruddhaḥ -
  • kruddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    krudh -> kruddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
  • kṛpaḥ -
  • kṛp (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śāradvato* -
  • śāradvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nṛpa -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “pārṣataṃ chādayāmāsa niśceṣṭaṃ sarvamarmasu
  • pārṣatam -
  • pārṣata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pārṣata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • chādayāmā -
  • chad (verb class 0)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • asa -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
  • niśceṣṭam -
  • niśceṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    niśceṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    niśceṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • armasu -
  • arman (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.18.50

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.18.50 in Kannada sript:
ವಿನಿಃಶ್ವಸ್ಯ ತತಃ ಕ್ರುದ್ಧಃ ಕೃಪಃ ಶಾರದ್ವತೋ ನೃಪ ।
ಪಾರ್ಷತಂ ಛಾದಯಾಮಾಸ ನಿಶ್ಚೇಷ್ಟಂ ಸರ್ವಮರ್ಮಸು ॥ ೫೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.18.50 in Bengali sript:
বিনিঃশ্বস্য ততঃ ক্রুদ্ধঃ কৃপঃ শারদ্বতো নৃপ ।
পার্ষতং ছাদযামাস নিশ্চেষ্টং সর্বমর্মসু ॥ ৫০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.18.50 in Gujarati sript:
વિનિઃશ્વસ્ય તતઃ ક્રુદ્ધઃ કૃપઃ શારદ્વતો નૃપ ।
પાર્ષતં છાદયામાસ નિશ્ચેષ્ટં સર્વમર્મસુ ॥ ૫૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.18.50 in Malayalam sript:
വിനിഃശ്വസ്യ തതഃ ക്രുദ്ധഃ കൃപഃ ശാരദ്വതോ നൃപ ।
പാര്ഷതം ഛാദയാമാസ നിശ്ചേഷ്ടം സര്വമര്മസു ॥ ൫൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.18.50 in Telugu sript:
వినిఃశ్వస్య తతః క్రుద్ధః కృపః శారద్వతో నృప ।
పార్షతం ఛాదయామాస నిశ్చేష్టం సర్వమర్మసు ॥ ౫౦ ॥

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