Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.17.14

विपताकं वियन्तारं विवर्मध्वजजीवितम् ।
तं कृत्वा द्विरदं भूयः सहदेवोऽङ्गमभ्यगात् ॥ १४ ॥

vipatākaṃ viyantāraṃ vivarmadhvajajīvitam |
taṃ kṛtvā dviradaṃ bhūyaḥ sahadevo'ṅgamabhyagāt || 14 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...liquefied red chalk after a shower. The puissant Kritavarma then, taking up another bow with a string and an arrow fixed thereon, struck Shikhandi in his shoulder-joint. With those shafts sticking to his shoulder...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.17.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vipataka, Viyantri, Vivarmadhvajajivita, Kritva, Kritvan, Dvirada, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Sahadeva, Anga, Abhi, Aga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.17.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vipatākaṃ viyantāraṃ vivarmadhvajajīvitam
  • vipatākam -
  • vipatāka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vipatāka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vipatākā (noun, feminine)
  • viyantāram -
  • viyantṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vivarmadhvajajīvitam -
  • vivarmadhvajajīvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “taṃ kṛtvā dviradaṃ bhūyaḥ sahadevo'ṅgamabhyagāt
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dviradam -
  • dvirada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dvirada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dviradā (noun, feminine)
  • bhūyaḥ -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sahadevo' -
  • sahadeva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • aṅgam -
  • aṅga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aṅga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
  • agāt -
  • aga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    aga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single], [aorist active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.17.14

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.17.14 in Kannada sript:
ವಿಪತಾಕಂ ವಿಯನ್ತಾರಂ ವಿವರ್ಮಧ್ವಜಜೀವಿತಮ್ ।
ತಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ದ್ವಿರದಂ ಭೂಯಃ ಸಹದೇವೋಽಙ್ಗಮಭ್ಯಗಾತ್ ॥ ೧೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.17.14 in Bengali sript:
বিপতাকং বিযন্তারং বিবর্মধ্বজজীবিতম্ ।
তং কৃত্বা দ্বিরদং ভূযঃ সহদেবোঽঙ্গমভ্যগাত্ ॥ ১৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.17.14 in Gujarati sript:
વિપતાકં વિયન્તારં વિવર્મધ્વજજીવિતમ્ ।
તં કૃત્વા દ્વિરદં ભૂયઃ સહદેવોઽઙ્ગમભ્યગાત્ ॥ ૧૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.17.14 in Malayalam sript:
വിപതാകം വിയന്താരം വിവര്മധ്വജജീവിതമ് ।
തം കൃത്വാ ദ്വിരദം ഭൂയഃ സഹദേവോഽങ്ഗമഭ്യഗാത് ॥ ൧൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.17.14 in Telugu sript:
విపతాకం వియన్తారం వివర్మధ్వజజీవితమ్ ।
తం కృత్వా ద్విరదం భూయః సహదేవోఽఙ్గమభ్యగాత్ ॥ ౧౪ ॥

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