Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.15.40

द्विपस्य पादाग्रकरान्स पञ्चभिर्नृपस्य बाहू च शिरोऽथ च त्रिभिः ।
जघान षड्भिः षडृतूत्तमत्विषः स पाण्ड्यराजानुचरान्महारथान् ॥ ४० ॥

dvipasya pādāgrakarānsa pañcabhirnṛpasya bāhū ca śiro'tha ca tribhiḥ |
jaghāna ṣaḍbhiḥ ṣaḍṛtūttamatviṣaḥ sa pāṇḍyarājānucarānmahārathān || 40 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...clusters of stars, adorned with rows of beautiful bells, and decked with variegated banners of diverse hues. Heads and arms and chests and other limbs, cut off with shafts sped from Karna’s bow, were beheld by...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.15.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dvipa, Padagra, Kara, Bahu, Shira, Shiras, Atha, Tri, Shash, Shadritu, Uttama, Tvish, Pandyaraja, Anucara, Maharatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.15.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dvipasya pādāgrakarānsa pañcabhirnṛpasya bāhū ca śiro'tha ca tribhiḥ
  • dvipasya -
  • dvipa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • pādāgra -
  • pādāgra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • karān -
  • kara (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Cannot analyse pañcabhirnṛpasya*bā
  • bāhū -
  • bāhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śiro' -
  • śiras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tribhiḥ -
  • tri (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “jaghāna ṣaḍbhiḥ ṣaḍṛtūttamatviṣaḥ sa pāṇḍyarājānucarānmahārathān
  • jaghāna -
  • han (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    han (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • ṣaḍbhiḥ -
  • ṣaṣ (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ṣaṣ (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ṣaḍṛtū -
  • ṣaḍṛtu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • uttama -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tviṣaḥ -
  • tviṣ (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pāṇḍyarājā -
  • pāṇḍyarāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • anucarān -
  • anucara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
    anucara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mahārathān -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.15.40

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.15.40 in Kannada sript:
ದ್ವಿಪಸ್ಯ ಪಾದಾಗ್ರಕರಾನ್ಸ ಪಞ್ಚಭಿರ್ನೃಪಸ್ಯ ಬಾಹೂ ಚ ಶಿರೋಽಥ ಚ ತ್ರಿಭಿಃ ।
ಜಘಾನ ಷಡ್ಭಿಃ ಷಡೃತೂತ್ತಮತ್ವಿಷಃ ಸ ಪಾಣ್ಡ್ಯರಾಜಾನುಚರಾನ್ಮಹಾರಥಾನ್ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.15.40 in Bengali sript:
দ্বিপস্য পাদাগ্রকরান্স পঞ্চভির্নৃপস্য বাহূ চ শিরোঽথ চ ত্রিভিঃ ।
জঘান ষড্ভিঃ ষডৃতূত্তমত্বিষঃ স পাণ্ড্যরাজানুচরান্মহারথান্ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.15.40 in Gujarati sript:
દ્વિપસ્ય પાદાગ્રકરાન્સ પઞ્ચભિર્નૃપસ્ય બાહૂ ચ શિરોઽથ ચ ત્રિભિઃ ।
જઘાન ષડ્ભિઃ ષડૃતૂત્તમત્વિષઃ સ પાણ્ડ્યરાજાનુચરાન્મહારથાન્ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.15.40 in Malayalam sript:
ദ്വിപസ്യ പാദാഗ്രകരാന്സ പഞ്ചഭിര്നൃപസ്യ ബാഹൂ ച ശിരോഽഥ ച ത്രിഭിഃ ।
ജഘാന ഷഡ്ഭിഃ ഷഡൃതൂത്തമത്വിഷഃ സ പാണ്ഡ്യരാജാനുചരാന്മഹാരഥാന് ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.15.40 in Telugu sript:
ద్విపస్య పాదాగ్రకరాన్స పఞ్చభిర్నృపస్య బాహూ చ శిరోఽథ చ త్రిభిః ।
జఘాన షడ్భిః షడృతూత్తమత్విషః స పాణ్డ్యరాజానుచరాన్మహారథాన్ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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