Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.15.20

मर्मभेदिभिरत्युग्रैर्बाणैरग्निशिखोपमैः ।
स्मयन्नभ्यहनद्द्रौणिः पाण्ड्यमाचार्यसत्तमः ॥ २० ॥

marmabhedibhiratyugrairbāṇairagniśikhopamaiḥ |
smayannabhyahanaddrauṇiḥ pāṇḍyamācāryasattamaḥ || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...weaponless. Karna began to strike him with many straight shafts, but took care not to afflict him greatly. Thus struck in that battle by that mighty warrior accomplished in weapons, Nakula, O king, fled away precipitately...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.15.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Marmabhedin, Atyugra, Bana, Agnishikha, Upama, Sma, Yat, Abhi, Drauni, Pandya, Acarya, Sattama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.15.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “marmabhedibhiratyugrairbāṇairagniśikhopamaiḥ
  • marmabhedibhir -
  • marmabhedin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    marmabhedin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • atyugrair -
  • atyugra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    atyugra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bāṇair -
  • bāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • agniśikho -
  • agniśikha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    agniśikha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    agniśikhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upamaiḥ -
  • upama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    upama (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “smayannabhyahanaddrauṇiḥ pāṇḍyamācāryasattamaḥ
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    sman (noun, masculine)
  • yann -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
  • ahanad -
  • han (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • drauṇiḥ -
  • drauṇi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pāṇḍyam -
  • pāṇḍya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāṇḍyā (noun, feminine)
  • ācārya -
  • ācārya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sattamaḥ -
  • sattama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.15.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.15.20 in Kannada sript:
ಮರ್ಮಭೇದಿಭಿರತ್ಯುಗ್ರೈರ್ಬಾಣೈರಗ್ನಿಶಿಖೋಪಮೈಃ ।
ಸ್ಮಯನ್ನಭ್ಯಹನದ್ದ್ರೌಣಿಃ ಪಾಣ್ಡ್ಯಮಾಚಾರ್ಯಸತ್ತಮಃ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.15.20 in Bengali sript:
মর্মভেদিভিরত্যুগ্রৈর্বাণৈরগ্নিশিখোপমৈঃ ।
স্মযন্নভ্যহনদ্দ্রৌণিঃ পাণ্ড্যমাচার্যসত্তমঃ ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.15.20 in Gujarati sript:
મર્મભેદિભિરત્યુગ્રૈર્બાણૈરગ્નિશિખોપમૈઃ ।
સ્મયન્નભ્યહનદ્દ્રૌણિઃ પાણ્ડ્યમાચાર્યસત્તમઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.15.20 in Malayalam sript:
മര്മഭേദിഭിരത്യുഗ്രൈര്ബാണൈരഗ്നിശിഖോപമൈഃ ।
സ്മയന്നഭ്യഹനദ്ദ്രൌണിഃ പാണ്ഡ്യമാചാര്യസത്തമഃ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 8.15.20 in Telugu sript:
మర్మభేదిభిరత్యుగ్రైర్బాణైరగ్నిశిఖోపమైః ।
స్మయన్నభ్యహనద్ద్రౌణిః పాణ్డ్యమాచార్యసత్తమః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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