Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.10.18

तं चित्रो नवभिर्भल्लैर्बाह्वोरुरसि चार्दयत् ।
स्वर्णपुङ्खैः शिलाधौतैः कङ्कबर्हिणवाजितैः ॥ १८ ॥

taṃ citro navabhirbhallairbāhvorurasi cārdayat |
svarṇapuṅkhaiḥ śilādhautaiḥ kaṅkabarhiṇavājitaiḥ || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...shields and beautiful heads, in large numbers, of his unretreating foes. Well-equipped cars and steeds and elephants, ridden by heroes fighting with great care, were destroyed by the hundreds of shafts sped by...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.10.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Citra, Navan, Bhalla, Bahu, Uras, Yat, Yad, Svarnapunkha, Shila, Dhauta, Kanka, Barhina, Vajita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.10.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “taṃ citro navabhirbhallairbāhvorurasi cārdayat
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • citro* -
  • citra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • navabhir -
  • navan (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    navan (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bhallair -
  • bhalla (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bhalla (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bāhvor -
  • bāhu (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • urasi -
  • uras (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    uras (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arda -
  • ard (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    ard (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “svarṇapuṅkhaiḥ śilādhautaiḥ kaṅkabarhiṇavājitaiḥ
  • svarṇapuṅkhaiḥ -
  • svarṇapuṅkha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    svarṇapuṅkha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • śilā -
  • śilā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhautaiḥ -
  • dhauta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dhauta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • kaṅka -
  • kaṅka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kaṅk (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • barhiṇa -
  • barhiṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    barhiṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vājitaiḥ -
  • vājita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vājita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.10.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.10.18 in Kannada sript:
ತಂ ಚಿತ್ರೋ ನವಭಿರ್ಭಲ್ಲೈರ್ಬಾಹ್ವೋರುರಸಿ ಚಾರ್ದಯತ್ ।
ಸ್ವರ್ಣಪುಙ್ಖೈಃ ಶಿಲಾಧೌತೈಃ ಕಙ್ಕಬರ್ಹಿಣವಾಜಿತೈಃ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.10.18 in Bengali sript:
তং চিত্রো নবভির্ভল্লৈর্বাহ্বোরুরসি চার্দযত্ ।
স্বর্ণপুঙ্খৈঃ শিলাধৌতৈঃ কঙ্কবর্হিণবাজিতৈঃ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.10.18 in Gujarati sript:
તં ચિત્રો નવભિર્ભલ્લૈર્બાહ્વોરુરસિ ચાર્દયત્ ।
સ્વર્ણપુઙ્ખૈઃ શિલાધૌતૈઃ કઙ્કબર્હિણવાજિતૈઃ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.10.18 in Malayalam sript:
തം ചിത്രോ നവഭിര്ഭല്ലൈര്ബാഹ്വോരുരസി ചാര്ദയത് ।
സ്വര്ണപുങ്ഖൈഃ ശിലാധൌതൈഃ കങ്കബര്ഹിണവാജിതൈഃ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 8.10.18 in Telugu sript:
తం చిత్రో నవభిర్భల్లైర్బాహ్వోరురసి చార్దయత్ ।
స్వర్ణపుఙ్ఖైః శిలాధౌతైః కఙ్కబర్హిణవాజితైః ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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