Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.8.40

ततः साधुविसृष्टेन क्षुरेण पुरुषर्षभः ।
छित्त्वा शरासनं शत्रोर्नागमामित्रमार्दयत् ॥ ४० ॥

tataḥ sādhuvisṛṣṭena kṣureṇa puruṣarṣabhaḥ |
chittvā śarāsanaṃ śatrornāgamāmitramārdayat || 40 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...tigers among men, both endued with terrible forms, are like two Yamas in this battle." Such were the words of the Siddhas heard there every moment. And among the assembled denizens of heaven there arose a leonine...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.8.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Sadhu, Visrishta, Kshura, Purusharshabha, Sharasana, Shatru, Naga, Amitra, Arda, Yat, Yad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.8.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ sādhuvisṛṣṭena kṣureṇa puruṣarṣabhaḥ
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sādhu -
  • sādhu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sādhu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    sādhu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sādhu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • visṛṣṭena -
  • visṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    visṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • kṣureṇa -
  • kṣura (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kṣura (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • puruṣarṣabhaḥ -
  • puruṣarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “chittvā śarāsanaṃ śatrornāgamāmitramārdayat
  • chittvā -
  • chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
    chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
  • śarāsanam -
  • śarāsana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śarāsana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śatror -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • nāgam -
  • nāga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nāga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nāgā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āmitram -
  • āmitra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āmitra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ārda -
  • ārda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.8.40

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.8.40 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಸಾಧುವಿಸೃಷ್ಟೇನ ಕ್ಷುರೇಣ ಪುರುಷರ್ಷಭಃ ।
ಛಿತ್ತ್ವಾ ಶರಾಸನಂ ಶತ್ರೋರ್ನಾಗಮಾಮಿತ್ರಮಾರ್ದಯತ್ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.8.40 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ সাধুবিসৃষ্টেন ক্ষুরেণ পুরুষর্ষভঃ ।
ছিত্ত্বা শরাসনং শত্রোর্নাগমামিত্রমার্দযত্ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.8.40 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ સાધુવિસૃષ્ટેન ક્ષુરેણ પુરુષર્ષભઃ ।
છિત્ત્વા શરાસનં શત્રોર્નાગમામિત્રમાર્દયત્ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.8.40 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ സാധുവിസൃഷ്ടേന ക്ഷുരേണ പുരുഷര്ഷഭഃ ।
ഛിത്ത്വാ ശരാസനം ശത്രോര്നാഗമാമിത്രമാര്ദയത് ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.8.40 in Telugu sript:
తతః సాధువిసృష్టేన క్షురేణ పురుషర్షభః ।
ఛిత్త్వా శరాసనం శత్రోర్నాగమామిత్రమార్దయత్ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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