Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.5.80

यश्च गाण्डीवमुक्तानां स्पर्शमुग्रमचिन्तयन् ।
अपतिर्ह्यसि कृष्णेति ब्रुवन्पार्थानवैक्षत ॥ ८० ॥

yaśca gāṇḍīvamuktānāṃ sparśamugramacintayan |
apatirhyasi kṛṣṇeti bruvanpārthānavaikṣata || 80 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...O tiger among men, that Drona was made our leader! By him also were the sons of Pritha spared, in consequence, as I think, of their relationship unto him of pupils. That old man also has been slain by Dhrishtadyumna...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.5.80). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Gandivamukta, Sparsha, Ugra, Apati, Asi, Krishna, Iti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.5.80). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yaśca gāṇḍīvamuktānāṃ sparśamugramacintayan
  • yaś -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gāṇḍīvamuktānām -
  • gāṇḍīvamukta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    gāṇḍīvamukta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    gāṇḍīvamuktā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • sparśam -
  • sparśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sparśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sparśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ugram -
  • ugra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ugra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ugrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • acintayan -
  • cint (verb class 10)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “apatirhyasi kṛṣṇeti bruvanpārthānavaikṣata
  • apatir -
  • apati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    apati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • asi -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
  • kṛṣṇe -
  • kṛṣṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    kṛṣṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse bruvanpārthānavaikṣata

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.5.80

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.5.80 in Kannada sript:
ಯಶ್ಚ ಗಾಣ್ಡೀವಮುಕ್ತಾನಾಂ ಸ್ಪರ್ಶಮುಗ್ರಮಚಿನ್ತಯನ್ ।
ಅಪತಿರ್ಹ್ಯಸಿ ಕೃಷ್ಣೇತಿ ಬ್ರುವನ್ಪಾರ್ಥಾನವೈಕ್ಷತ ॥ ೮೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.5.80 in Bengali sript:
যশ্চ গাণ্ডীবমুক্তানাং স্পর্শমুগ্রমচিন্তযন্ ।
অপতির্হ্যসি কৃষ্ণেতি ব্রুবন্পার্থানবৈক্ষত ॥ ৮০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.5.80 in Gujarati sript:
યશ્ચ ગાણ્ડીવમુક્તાનાં સ્પર્શમુગ્રમચિન્તયન્ ।
અપતિર્હ્યસિ કૃષ્ણેતિ બ્રુવન્પાર્થાનવૈક્ષત ॥ ૮૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.5.80 in Malayalam sript:
യശ്ച ഗാണ്ഡീവമുക്താനാം സ്പര്ശമുഗ്രമചിന്തയന് ।
അപതിര്ഹ്യസി കൃഷ്ണേതി ബ്രുവന്പാര്ഥാനവൈക്ഷത ॥ ൮൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.5.80 in Telugu sript:
యశ్చ గాణ్డీవముక్తానాం స్పర్శముగ్రమచిన్తయన్ ।
అపతిర్హ్యసి కృష్ణేతి బ్రువన్పార్థానవైక్షత ॥ ౮౦ ॥

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