Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.1.46

एतत्सर्वं यथा वृत्तं तत्त्वं गावल्गणे रणे ।
आचक्ष्व पाण्डवेयानां मामकानां च सर्वशः ॥ ४६ ॥

etatsarvaṃ yathā vṛttaṃ tattvaṃ gāvalgaṇe raṇe |
ācakṣva pāṇḍaveyānāṃ māmakānāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ || 46 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...with celestial weapons! Behold today the inexhaustible might of arms of that intelligent warrior of sure aim and invincible energy! Let the sons of Pandu behold today the prowess of both Ashvatthama and Karna resembling...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.1.46). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Etad, Sarvam, Sarva, Yatha, Vritta, Tattva, Gavalgani, Gavalgana, Rana, Aca, Pandaveya, Mamaka, Sarvashah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.1.46). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etatsarvaṃ yathā vṛttaṃ tattvaṃ gāvalgaṇe raṇe
  • etat -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • vṛttam -
  • vṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vṛttā (noun, feminine)
    vṛt -> vṛtta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vṛtta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • tattvam -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • gāvalgaṇe -
  • gāvalgaṇi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    gāvalgaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gāvalgaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • raṇe -
  • raṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    raṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • Line 2: “ācakṣva pāṇḍaveyānāṃ māmakānāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ
  • āca -
  • āca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ac (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • kṣva -
  • pāṇḍaveyānām -
  • pāṇḍaveya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    pāṇḍaveya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    pāṇḍaveyā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • māmakānām -
  • māmaka (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    māmaka (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    māmakā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sarvaśaḥ -
  • sarvaśaḥ (indeclinable)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.1.46

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.1.46 in Kannada sript:
ಏತತ್ಸರ್ವಂ ಯಥಾ ವೃತ್ತಂ ತತ್ತ್ವಂ ಗಾವಲ್ಗಣೇ ರಣೇ ।
ಆಚಕ್ಷ್ವ ಪಾಣ್ಡವೇಯಾನಾಂ ಮಾಮಕಾನಾಂ ಚ ಸರ್ವಶಃ ॥ ೪೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.1.46 in Bengali sript:
এতত্সর্বং যথা বৃত্তং তত্ত্বং গাবল্গণে রণে ।
আচক্ষ্ব পাণ্ডবেযানাং মামকানাং চ সর্বশঃ ॥ ৪৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.1.46 in Gujarati sript:
એતત્સર્વં યથા વૃત્તં તત્ત્વં ગાવલ્ગણે રણે ।
આચક્ષ્વ પાણ્ડવેયાનાં મામકાનાં ચ સર્વશઃ ॥ ૪૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.1.46 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതത്സര്വം യഥാ വൃത്തം തത്ത്വം ഗാവല്ഗണേ രണേ ।
ആചക്ഷ്വ പാണ്ഡവേയാനാം മാമകാനാം ച സര്വശഃ ॥ ൪൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.1.46 in Telugu sript:
ఏతత్సర్వం యథా వృత్తం తత్త్వం గావల్గణే రణే ।
ఆచక్ష్వ పాణ్డవేయానాం మామకానాం చ సర్వశః ॥ ౪౬ ॥

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