Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.172.5

या शक्तिर्यच्च ते वीर्यं यज्ज्ञानं यच्च पौरुषम् ।
धार्तराष्ट्रेषु या प्रीतिः प्रद्वेषोऽस्मासु यश्च ते ।
यच्च भूयोऽस्ति तेजस्तत्परमं मम दर्शय ॥ ५ ॥

yā śaktiryacca te vīryaṃ yajjñānaṃ yacca pauruṣam |
dhārtarāṣṭreṣu yā prītiḥ pradveṣo'smāsu yaśca te |
yacca bhūyo'sti tejastatparamaṃ mama darśaya || 5 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...straight shaft, pierced the forehead of Bhima’s driver. The latter, deeply pierced by the mighty son of Drona, fell into a swoon, O king, abandoning the reins of the steeds. The driver...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.172.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shakti, Yat, Yad, Tad, Yushmad, Virya, Paurusha, Dhartarashtra, Priti, Pradvesha, Asmad, Yah, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Asti, Teja, Tejas, Tatpara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.172.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ śaktiryacca te vīryaṃ yajjñānaṃ yacca pauruṣam
  • -
  • (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaktir -
  • śakti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    śakti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • vīryam -
  • vīrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vīryā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vīr class 10 verb], [accusative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
  • Cannot analyse yajjñānam*ya
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pauruṣam -
  • pauruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pauruṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “dhārtarāṣṭreṣu prītiḥ pradveṣo'smāsu yaśca te
  • dhārtarāṣṭreṣu -
  • dhārtarāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    dhārtarāṣṭra (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • -
  • (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • prītiḥ -
  • prīti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • pradveṣo' -
  • pradveṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • asmāsu -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [locative plural]
  • yaś -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 3: “yacca bhūyo'sti tejastatparamaṃ mama darśaya
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūyo' -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • asti -
  • asti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    astī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • tejas -
  • tejas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    teja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tatparam -
  • tatpara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tatpara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tatparā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • darśaya -
  • dṛś (verb class 0)
    [imperative active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.172.5

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.172.5 in Kannada sript:
ಯಾ ಶಕ್ತಿರ್ಯಚ್ಚ ತೇ ವೀರ್ಯಂ ಯಜ್ಜ್ಞಾನಂ ಯಚ್ಚ ಪೌರುಷಮ್ ।
ಧಾರ್ತರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೇಷು ಯಾ ಪ್ರೀತಿಃ ಪ್ರದ್ವೇಷೋಽಸ್ಮಾಸು ಯಶ್ಚ ತೇ ।
ಯಚ್ಚ ಭೂಯೋಽಸ್ತಿ ತೇಜಸ್ತತ್ಪರಮಂ ಮಮ ದರ್ಶಯ ॥ ೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.172.5 in Bengali sript:
যা শক্তির্যচ্চ তে বীর্যং যজ্জ্ঞানং যচ্চ পৌরুষম্ ।
ধার্তরাষ্ট্রেষু যা প্রীতিঃ প্রদ্বেষোঽস্মাসু যশ্চ তে ।
যচ্চ ভূযোঽস্তি তেজস্তত্পরমং মম দর্শয ॥ ৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.172.5 in Gujarati sript:
યા શક્તિર્યચ્ચ તે વીર્યં યજ્જ્ઞાનં યચ્ચ પૌરુષમ્ ।
ધાર્તરાષ્ટ્રેષુ યા પ્રીતિઃ પ્રદ્વેષોઽસ્માસુ યશ્ચ તે ।
યચ્ચ ભૂયોઽસ્તિ તેજસ્તત્પરમં મમ દર્શય ॥ ૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.172.5 in Malayalam sript:
യാ ശക്തിര്യച്ച തേ വീര്യം യജ്ജ്ഞാനം യച്ച പൌരുഷമ് ।
ധാര്തരാഷ്ട്രേഷു യാ പ്രീതിഃ പ്രദ്വേഷോഽസ്മാസു യശ്ച തേ ।
യച്ച ഭൂയോഽസ്തി തേജസ്തത്പരമം മമ ദര്ശയ ॥ ൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.172.5 in Telugu sript:
యా శక్తిర్యచ్చ తే వీర్యం యజ్జ్ఞానం యచ్చ పౌరుషమ్ ।
ధార్తరాష్ట్రేషు యా ప్రీతిః ప్రద్వేషోఽస్మాసు యశ్చ తే ।
యచ్చ భూయోఽస్తి తేజస్తత్పరమం మమ దర్శయ ॥ ౫ ॥

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