Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.169.41

तच्छ्रुत्वा क्रोधताम्राक्षः सात्यकिस्त्वाददे गदाम् ।
विनिःश्वस्य यथा सर्पः प्रणिधाय रथे धनुः ॥ ४१ ॥

tacchrutvā krodhatāmrākṣaḥ sātyakistvādade gadām |
viniḥśvasya yathā sarpaḥ praṇidhāya rathe dhanuḥ || 41 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...vow in the hearing of your son, thus, 'Since Kunti’s son, Yudhishthira, assuming only the outward garb of virtue, had caused the preceptor who was (righteously) engaged in battle...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.169.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tat, Tad, Krodha, Krodhan, Tamraksha, Satyaki, Tva, Ada, Gada, Nihshvasya, Yatha, Sarpa, Prani, Dha, Dhaya, Ratha, Dhanu, Dhanus,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.169.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tacchrutvā krodhatāmrākṣaḥ sātyakistvādade gadām
  • tacch -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • krodha -
  • krodha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    krodha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    krodhan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    krodhan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tāmrākṣaḥ -
  • tāmrākṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sātyakis -
  • sātyaki (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvād -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ade -
  • ada (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ada (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    adā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ad (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    ad (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • gadām -
  • gadā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “viniḥśvasya yathā sarpaḥ praṇidhāya rathe dhanuḥ
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • niḥśvasya -
  • niḥśvasya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sarpaḥ -
  • sarpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • praṇi -
  • praṇī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    praṇī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • dhāya -
  • dhāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    dha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    dhā (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • rathe -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • dhanuḥ -
  • dhanus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhanu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhanu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.169.41

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.169.41 in Kannada sript:
ತಚ್ಛ್ರುತ್ವಾ ಕ್ರೋಧತಾಮ್ರಾಕ್ಷಃ ಸಾತ್ಯಕಿಸ್ತ್ವಾದದೇ ಗದಾಮ್ ।
ವಿನಿಃಶ್ವಸ್ಯ ಯಥಾ ಸರ್ಪಃ ಪ್ರಣಿಧಾಯ ರಥೇ ಧನುಃ ॥ ೪೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.169.41 in Bengali sript:
তচ্ছ্রুত্বা ক্রোধতাম্রাক্ষঃ সাত্যকিস্ত্বাদদে গদাম্ ।
বিনিঃশ্বস্য যথা সর্পঃ প্রণিধায রথে ধনুঃ ॥ ৪১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.169.41 in Gujarati sript:
તચ્છ્રુત્વા ક્રોધતામ્રાક્ષઃ સાત્યકિસ્ત્વાદદે ગદામ્ ।
વિનિઃશ્વસ્ય યથા સર્પઃ પ્રણિધાય રથે ધનુઃ ॥ ૪૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.169.41 in Malayalam sript:
തച്ഛ്രുത്വാ ക്രോധതാമ്രാക്ഷഃ സാത്യകിസ്ത്വാദദേ ഗദാമ് ।
വിനിഃശ്വസ്യ യഥാ സര്പഃ പ്രണിധായ രഥേ ധനുഃ ॥ ൪൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 7.169.41 in Telugu sript:
తచ్ఛ్రుత్వా క్రోధతామ్రాక్షః సాత్యకిస్త్వాదదే గదామ్ ।
వినిఃశ్వస్య యథా సర్పః ప్రణిధాయ రథే ధనుః ॥ ౪౧ ॥

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