Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

dhṛtarāṣṭra uvāca |
sāṅgā vedā yathānyāyaṃ yenādhītā mahātmanā |
yasminsākṣāddhanurvedo hrīniṣedhe pratiṣṭhitaḥ || 1 ||
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tasminnākruśyati droṇe maharṣitanaye tadā |
nīcātmanā nṛśaṃsena kṣudreṇa gurughātinā || 2 ||
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yasya prasādātkarmāṇi kurvanti puruṣarṣabhāḥ |
amānuṣāṇi saṃgrāme devairasukarāṇi ca || 3 ||
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tasminnākruśyati droṇe samakṣaṃ pāpakarmiṇaḥ |
nāmarṣaṃ tatra kurvanti dhikkṣatraṃ dhigamarṣitam || 4 ||
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pārthāḥ sarve ca rājānaḥ pṛthivyāṃ ye dhanurdharāḥ |
śrutvā kimāhuḥ pāñcālyaṃ tanmamācakṣva saṃjaya || 5 ||
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saṃjaya uvāca |
śrutvā drupadaputrasya tā vācaḥ krūrakarmaṇaḥ |
tūṣṇīṃ babhūvū rājānaḥ sarva eva viśāṃ pate || 6 ||
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arjunastu kaṭākṣeṇa jihmaṃ prekṣya ca pārṣatam |
sabāṣpamabhiniḥśvasya dhigdhigdhigiti cābravīt || 7 ||
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yudhiṣṭhiraśca bhīmaśca yamau kṛṣṇastathāpare |
āsansuvrīḍitā rājansātyakiridamabravīt || 8 ||
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nehāsti puruṣaḥ kaścidya imaṃ pāpapūruṣam |
bhāṣamāṇamakalyāṇaṃ śīghraṃ hanyānnarādhamam || 9 ||
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kathaṃ ca śatadhā jihvā na te mūrdhā ca dīryate |
gurumākrośataḥ kṣudra na cādharmeṇa pātyase || 10 ||
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yāpyastvamasi pārthaiśca sarvaiścāndhakavṛṣṇibhiḥ |
yatkarma kaluṣaṃ kṛtvā ślāghase janasaṃsadi || 11 ||
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akāryaṃ tādṛśaṃ kṛtvā punareva guruṃ kṣipan |
vadhyastvaṃ na tvayārtho'sti muhūrtamapi jīvatā || 12 ||
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kastvetadvyavasedāryastvadanyaḥ puruṣādhamaḥ |
nigṛhya keśeṣu vadhaṃ gurordharmātmanaḥ sataḥ || 13 ||
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saptāvare tathā pūrve bāndhavāste nipātitāḥ |
yaśasā ca parityaktāstvāṃ prāpya kulapāṃsanam || 14 ||
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uktavāṃścāpi yatpārthaṃ bhīṣmaṃ prati nararṣabham |
tathānto vihitastena svayameva mahātmanā || 15 ||
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tasyāpi tava sodaryo nihantā pāpakṛttamaḥ |
nānyaḥ pāñcālaputrebhyo vidyate bhuvi pāpakṛt || 16 ||
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sa cāpi sṛṣṭaḥ pitrā te bhīṣmasyāntakaraḥ kila |
śikhaṇḍī rakṣitastena sa ca mṛtyurmahātmanaḥ || 17 ||
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pāñcālāścalitā dharmātkṣudrā mitragurudruhaḥ |
tvāṃ prāpya sahasodaryaṃ dhikkṛtaṃ sarvasādhubhiḥ || 18 ||
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punaścedīdṛśīṃ vācaṃ matsamīpe vadiṣyasi |
śiraste pātayiṣyāmi gadayā vajrakalpayā || 19 ||
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sātvatenaivamākṣiptaḥ pārṣataḥ paruṣākṣaram |
saṃrabdhaḥ sātyakiṃ prāha saṃkruddhaḥ prahasanniva || 20 ||
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śrūyate śrūyate ceti kṣamyate ceti mādhava |
na cānārya śubhaṃ sādhuṃ puruṣaṃ kṣeptumarhasi || 21 ||
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kṣamā praśasyate loke na tu pāpo'rhati kṣamām |
kṣamāvantaṃ hi pāpātmā jito'yamiti manyate || 22 ||
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sa tvaṃ kṣudrasamācāro nīcātmā pāpaniścayaḥ |
ā keśāgrānnakhāgrācca vaktavyo vaktumicchasi || 23 ||
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yaḥ sa bhūriśravāśchinne bhuje prāyagatastvayā |
vāryamāṇena nihatastataḥ pāpataraṃ nu kim || 24 ||
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vyūhamāno mayā droṇo divyenāstreṇa saṃyuge |
visṛṣṭaśastro nihataḥ kiṃ tatra krūra duṣkṛtam || 25 ||
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ayudhyamānaṃ yastvājau tathā prāyagataṃ munim |
chinnabāhuṃ parairhanyātsātyake sa kathaṃ bhavet || 26 ||
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nihatya tvāṃ yadā bhūmau sa vikrāmati vīryavān |
kiṃ tadā na nihaṃsyenaṃ bhūtvā puruṣasattamaḥ || 27 ||
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tvayā punaranāryeṇa pūrvaṃ pārthena nirjitaḥ |
yadā tadā hataḥ śūraḥ saumadattiḥ pratāpavān || 28 ||
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yatra yatra tu pāṇḍūnāṃ droṇo drāvayate camūm |
kirañśarasahasrāṇi tatra tatra prayāmyaham || 29 ||
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sa tvamevaṃvidhaṃ kṛtvā karma cāṇḍālavatsvayam |
vaktumicchasi vaktavyaḥ kasmānmāṃ paruṣāṇyatha || 30 ||
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kartā tvaṃ karmaṇograsya nāhaṃ vṛṣṇikulādhama |
pāpānāṃ ca tvamāvāsaḥ karmaṇāṃ mā punarvada || 31 ||
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joṣamāssva na māṃ bhūyo vaktumarhasyataḥ param |
adharottarametaddhi yanmā tvaṃ vaktumicchasi || 32 ||
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atha vakṣyasi māṃ maurkhyādbhūyaḥ paruṣamīdṛśam |
gamayiṣyāmi bāṇaistvāṃ yudhi vaivasvatakṣayam || 33 ||
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na caiva mūrkha dharmeṇa kevalenaiva śakyate |
teṣāmapi hyadharmeṇa ceṣṭitaṃ śṛṇu yādṛśam || 34 ||
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vañcitaḥ pāṇḍavaḥ pūrvamadharmeṇa yudhiṣṭhiraḥ |
draupadī ca parikliṣṭā tathādharmeṇa sātyake || 35 ||
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pravrājitā vanaṃ sarve pāṇḍavāḥ saha kṛṣṇayā |
sarvasvamapakṛṣṭaṃ ca tathādharmeṇa bāliśa || 36 ||
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adharmeṇāpakṛṣṭaśca madrarājaḥ parairitaḥ |
ito'pyadharmeṇa hato bhīṣmaḥ kurupitāmahaḥ |
bhūriśravā hyadharmeṇa tvayā dharmavidā hataḥ || 37 ||
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evaṃ parairācaritaṃ pāṇḍaveyaiśca saṃyuge |
rakṣamāṇairjayaṃ vīrairdharmajñairapi sātvata || 38 ||
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durjñeyaḥ paramo dharmastathādharmaḥ sudurvidaḥ |
yudhyasva kauravaiḥ sārdhaṃ mā gāḥ pitṛniveśanam || 39 ||
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evamādīni vākyāni krūrāṇi paruṣāṇi ca |
śrāvitaḥ sātyakiḥ śrīmānākampita ivābhavat || 40 ||
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tacchrutvā krodhatāmrākṣaḥ sātyakistvādade gadām |
viniḥśvasya yathā sarpaḥ praṇidhāya rathe dhanuḥ || 41 ||
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tato'bhipatya pāñcālyaṃ saṃrambheṇedamabravīt |
na tvāṃ vakṣyāmi paruṣaṃ haniṣye tvāṃ vadhakṣamam || 42 ||
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tamāpatantaṃ sahasā mahābalamamarṣaṇam |
pāñcālyāyābhisaṃkruddhamantakāyāntakopamam || 43 ||
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codito vāsudevena bhīmaseno mahābalaḥ |
avaplutya rathāttūrṇaṃ bāhubhyāṃ samavārayat || 44 ||
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dravamāṇaṃ tathā kruddhaṃ sātyakiṃ pāṇḍavo balī |
praskandamānamādāya jagāma balinaṃ balāt || 45 ||
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sthitvā viṣṭabhya caraṇau bhīmena śinipuṃgavaḥ |
nigṛhītaḥ pade ṣaṣṭhe balena balināṃ varaḥ || 46 ||
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avaruhya rathāttaṃ tu hriyamāṇaṃ balīyasā |
uvāca ślakṣṇayā vācā sahadevo viśāṃ pate || 47 ||
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asmākaṃ puruṣavyāghra mitramanyanna vidyate |
paramandhakavṛṣṇibhyaḥ pāñcālebhyaśca mādhava || 48 ||
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tathaivāndhakavṛṣṇīnāṃ tava caiva viśeṣataḥ |
kṛṣṇasya ca tathāsmatto mitramanyanna vidyate || 49 ||
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pāñcālānāṃ ca vārṣṇeya samudrāntāṃ vicinvatām |
nānyadasti paraṃ mitraṃ yathā pāṇḍavavṛṣṇayaḥ || 50 ||
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sa bhavānīdṛśaṃ mitraṃ manyate ca yathā bhavān |
bhavantaśca yathāsmākaṃ bhavatāṃ ca tathā vayam || 51 ||
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sa evaṃ sarvadharmajño mitradharmamanusmaran |
niyaccha manyuṃ pāñcālyātpraśāmya śinipuṃgava || 52 ||
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pārṣatasya kṣama tvaṃ vai kṣamatāṃ tava pārṣataḥ |
vayaṃ kṣamayitāraśca kimanyatra śamādbhavet || 53 ||
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praśāmyamāne śaineye sahadevena māriṣa |
pāñcālarājasya sutaḥ prahasannidamabravīt || 54 ||
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muñca muñca śineḥ pautraṃ bhīma yuddhamadānvitam |
āsādayatu māmeṣa dharādharamivānilaḥ || 55 ||
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yāvadasya śitairbāṇaiḥ saṃrambhaṃ vinayāmyaham |
yuddhaśraddhāṃ ca kaunteya jīvitasya ca saṃyuge || 56 ||
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kiṃ nu śakyaṃ mayā kartuṃ kāryaṃ yadidamudyatam |
sumahatpāṇḍuputrāṇāmāyāntyete hi kauravāḥ || 57 ||
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atha vā phalgunaḥ sarvānvārayiṣyati saṃyuge |
ahamapyasya mūrdhānaṃ pātayiṣyāmi sāyakaiḥ || 58 ||
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manyate chinnabāhuṃ māṃ bhūriśravasamāhave |
utsṛjainamahaṃ vainameṣa māṃ vā haniṣyati || 59 ||
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śṛṇvanpāñcālavākyāni sātyakiḥ sarpavacchvasan |
bhīmabāhvantare sakto visphuratyaniśaṃ balī || 60 ||
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tvarayā vāsudevaśca dharmarājaśca māriṣa |
yatnena mahatā vīrau vārayāmāsatustataḥ || 61 ||
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nivārya parameṣvāsau krodhasaṃraktalocanau |
yuyutsavaḥ parānsaṃkhye pratīyuḥ kṣatriyarṣabhāḥ || 62 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 169

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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