Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.147.21

द्रवमाणं तु तत्सैन्यं द्रोणकर्णौ महारथौ ।
जघ्नतुः पृष्ठतो राजन्किरन्तौ सायकान्बहून् ॥ २१ ॥

dravamāṇaṃ tu tatsainyaṃ droṇakarṇau mahārathau |
jaghnatuḥ pṛṣṭhato rājankirantau sāyakānbahūn || 21 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...commenced a great battle between the warriors of your army and the foe. When Suvala’s son, O king, (thus) proceeded against the Pandavas, the Suta’s son, accompanied by a large force...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.147.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dravamana, Tat, Tad, Sainya, Dronaka, Rina, Maharatha, Prishthatah, Rajan, Rajat, Kirat, Sayaka, Bahu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.147.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dravamāṇaṃ tu tatsainyaṃ droṇakarṇau mahārathau
  • dravamāṇam -
  • dravamāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dravamāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dravamāṇā (noun, feminine)
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sainyam -
  • sainya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sainya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sainyā (noun, feminine)
  • droṇakar -
  • droṇaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ṛṇau -
  • ṛṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • mahārathau -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “jaghnatuḥ pṛṣṭhato rājankirantau sāyakānbahūn
  • jaghnatuḥ -
  • han (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third dual]
    han (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • pṛṣṭhato* -
  • pṛṣṭhataḥ (indeclinable)
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • kirantau -
  • kirat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sāyakān -
  • sāyaka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • bahūn -
  • bahu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.147.21

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.147.21 in Kannada sript:
ದ್ರವಮಾಣಂ ತು ತತ್ಸೈನ್ಯಂ ದ್ರೋಣಕರ್ಣೌ ಮಹಾರಥೌ ।
ಜಘ್ನತುಃ ಪೃಷ್ಠತೋ ರಾಜನ್ಕಿರನ್ತೌ ಸಾಯಕಾನ್ಬಹೂನ್ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.147.21 in Bengali sript:
দ্রবমাণং তু তত্সৈন্যং দ্রোণকর্ণৌ মহারথৌ ।
জঘ্নতুঃ পৃষ্ঠতো রাজন্কিরন্তৌ সাযকান্বহূন্ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.147.21 in Gujarati sript:
દ્રવમાણં તુ તત્સૈન્યં દ્રોણકર્ણૌ મહારથૌ ।
જઘ્નતુઃ પૃષ્ઠતો રાજન્કિરન્તૌ સાયકાન્બહૂન્ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.147.21 in Malayalam sript:
ദ്രവമാണം തു തത്സൈന്യം ദ്രോണകര്ണൌ മഹാരഥൌ ।
ജഘ്നതുഃ പൃഷ്ഠതോ രാജന്കിരന്തൌ സായകാന്ബഹൂന് ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 7.147.21 in Telugu sript:
ద్రవమాణం తు తత్సైన్యం ద్రోణకర్ణౌ మహారథౌ ।
జఘ్నతుః పృష్ఠతో రాజన్కిరన్తౌ సాయకాన్బహూన్ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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