Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.141.20

स शरैराचितस्तेन राक्षसो रणमूर्धनि ।
व्यकाशत महाराज श्वाविच्छललितो यथा ॥ २० ॥

sa śarairācitastena rākṣaso raṇamūrdhani |
vyakāśata mahārāja śvāvicchalalito yathā || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...costly ornaments (on the persons of combatants), and the blazing celestial weapons as those were shot or hurled by it. On each car were placed five lamps, and on each infuriated elephant...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.141.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shara, Acit, Acita, Tad, Tena, Rakshasa, Ranamurdhan, Vya, Maharaja, Maharajan, Shvavicchalalita, Yatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.141.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “sa śarairācitastena rākṣaso raṇamūrdhani
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śarair -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ācitas -
  • ācit (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ācita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • rākṣaso* -
  • rākṣasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • raṇamūrdhani -
  • raṇamūrdhan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line2: “vyakāśata mahārāja śvāvicchalalito yathā
  • vya -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    vya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • akāśata -
  • kāś (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third single]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śvāvicchalalito* -
  • śvāvicchalalita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.141.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.141.20 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ಶರೈರಾಚಿತಸ್ತೇನ ರಾಕ್ಷಸೋ ರಣಮೂರ್ಧನಿ ।
ವ್ಯಕಾಶತ ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಶ್ವಾವಿಚ್ಛಲಲಿತೋ ಯಥಾ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.141.20 in Bengali sript:
স শরৈরাচিতস্তেন রাক্ষসো রণমূর্ধনি ।
ব্যকাশত মহারাজ শ্বাবিচ্ছললিতো যথা ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.141.20 in Gujarati sript:
સ શરૈરાચિતસ્તેન રાક્ષસો રણમૂર્ધનિ ।
વ્યકાશત મહારાજ શ્વાવિચ્છલલિતો યથા ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.141.20 in Malayalam sript:
സ ശരൈരാചിതസ്തേന രാക്ഷസോ രണമൂര്ധനി ।
വ്യകാശത മഹാരാജ ശ്വാവിച്ഛലലിതോ യഥാ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.141.20 in Telugu sript:
స శరైరాచితస్తేన రాక్షసో రణమూర్ధని ।
వ్యకాశత మహారాజ శ్వావిచ్ఛలలితో యథా ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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