Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.129.23

भौमं रजोऽथ राजेन्द्र शोणितेन प्रशामितम् ।
शातकौम्भैश्च कवचैर्भूषणैश्च तमोऽभ्यगात् ॥ २३ ॥

bhaumaṃ rajo'tha rājendra śoṇitena praśāmitam |
śātakaumbhaiśca kavacairbhūṣaṇaiśca tamo'bhyagāt || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...whom of all persons in the three worlds, we had regarded to be the very foremost of heroes, who else is there upon whom we are to rely? Those dice, O sire, with which Sakuni formerly...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.129.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhauma, Raja, Rajas, Atha, Rajendra, Shonita, Prashamita, Shatakaumbha, Kavaca, Bhushana, Tama, Tamas, Abhi, Aga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.129.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhaumaṃ rajo'tha rājendra śoṇitena praśāmitam
  • bhaumam -
  • bhauma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhauma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rajo' -
  • rajas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rajas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    raja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • rājendra -
  • rājendra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śoṇitena -
  • śoṇita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    śoṇita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • praśāmitam -
  • praśāmita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    praśāmita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    praśāmitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “śātakaumbhaiśca kavacairbhūṣaṇaiśca tamo'bhyagāt
  • śātakaumbhaiś -
  • śātakaumbha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śātakaumbha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kavacair -
  • kavaca (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    kavaca (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bhūṣaṇaiś -
  • bhūṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bhūṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tamo' -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • agāt -
  • aga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    aga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single], [aorist active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.129.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.129.23 in Kannada sript:
ಭೌಮಂ ರಜೋಽಥ ರಾಜೇನ್ದ್ರ ಶೋಣಿತೇನ ಪ್ರಶಾಮಿತಮ್ ।
ಶಾತಕೌಮ್ಭೈಶ್ಚ ಕವಚೈರ್ಭೂಷಣೈಶ್ಚ ತಮೋಽಭ್ಯಗಾತ್ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.129.23 in Bengali sript:
ভৌমং রজোঽথ রাজেন্দ্র শোণিতেন প্রশামিতম্ ।
শাতকৌম্ভৈশ্চ কবচৈর্ভূষণৈশ্চ তমোঽভ্যগাত্ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.129.23 in Gujarati sript:
ભૌમં રજોઽથ રાજેન્દ્ર શોણિતેન પ્રશામિતમ્ ।
શાતકૌમ્ભૈશ્ચ કવચૈર્ભૂષણૈશ્ચ તમોઽભ્યગાત્ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.129.23 in Malayalam sript:
ഭൌമം രജോഽഥ രാജേന്ദ്ര ശോണിതേന പ്രശാമിതമ് ।
ശാതകൌമ്ഭൈശ്ച കവചൈര്ഭൂഷണൈശ്ച തമോഽഭ്യഗാത് ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.129.23 in Telugu sript:
భౌమం రజోఽథ రాజేన్ద్ర శోణితేన ప్రశామితమ్ ।
శాతకౌమ్భైశ్చ కవచైర్భూషణైశ్చ తమోఽభ్యగాత్ ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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