Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.108.21

प्रगृह्य च महाशक्तिं कालशक्तिमिवापराम् ।
समुत्क्षिप्य च राधेयः संधाय च महाबलः ।
चिक्षेप भीमसेनाय जीवितान्तकरीमिव ॥ २१ ॥

pragṛhya ca mahāśaktiṃ kālaśaktimivāparām |
samutkṣipya ca rādheyaḥ saṃdhāya ca mahābalaḥ |
cikṣepa bhīmasenāya jīvitāntakarīmiva || 21 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...proud of his energy, fight? What also, O son, did Karna do after this, beholding Bhimasena in that battle resemble a blazing fire?' "Sanjaya said, 'Mounting upon another car...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.108.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pragrihya, Mahashakti, Kalashakti, Iva, Apara, Samud, Radheya, Sandha, Mahabala, Bhimasena, Jivitantaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.108.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pragṛhya ca mahāśaktiṃ kālaśaktimivāparām
  • pragṛhya -
  • pragṛhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pragṛhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahāśaktim -
  • mahāśakti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    mahāśakti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • kālaśaktim -
  • kālaśakti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aparām -
  • aparā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “samutkṣipya ca rādheyaḥ saṃdhāya ca mahābalaḥ
  • samut -
  • samud (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    samud (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kṣipya -
  • kṣip -> kṣipya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṣip]
    kṣip -> kṣipya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṣip]
    kṣip (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rādheyaḥ -
  • rādheya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sandhāya -
  • sandha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    sandha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahābalaḥ -
  • mahābala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “cikṣepa bhīmasenāya jīvitāntakarīmiva
  • cikṣepa -
  • kṣip (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṣip (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • bhīmasenāya -
  • bhīmasena (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • jīvitāntaka -
  • jīvitāntaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jīvitāntaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    rai (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • im -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.108.21

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.108.21 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರಗೃಹ್ಯ ಚ ಮಹಾಶಕ್ತಿಂ ಕಾಲಶಕ್ತಿಮಿವಾಪರಾಮ್ ।
ಸಮುತ್ಕ್ಷಿಪ್ಯ ಚ ರಾಧೇಯಃ ಸಂಧಾಯ ಚ ಮಹಾಬಲಃ ।
ಚಿಕ್ಷೇಪ ಭೀಮಸೇನಾಯ ಜೀವಿತಾನ್ತಕರೀಮಿವ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.108.21 in Bengali sript:
প্রগৃহ্য চ মহাশক্তিং কালশক্তিমিবাপরাম্ ।
সমুত্ক্ষিপ্য চ রাধেযঃ সংধায চ মহাবলঃ ।
চিক্ষেপ ভীমসেনায জীবিতান্তকরীমিব ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.108.21 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રગૃહ્ય ચ મહાશક્તિં કાલશક્તિમિવાપરામ્ ।
સમુત્ક્ષિપ્ય ચ રાધેયઃ સંધાય ચ મહાબલઃ ।
ચિક્ષેપ ભીમસેનાય જીવિતાન્તકરીમિવ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.108.21 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രഗൃഹ്യ ച മഹാശക്തിം കാലശക്തിമിവാപരാമ് ।
സമുത്ക്ഷിപ്യ ച രാധേയഃ സംധായ ച മഹാബലഃ ।
ചിക്ഷേപ ഭീമസേനായ ജീവിതാന്തകരീമിവ ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.108.21 in Telugu sript:
ప్రగృహ్య చ మహాశక్తిం కాలశక్తిమివాపరామ్ ।
సముత్క్షిప్య చ రాధేయః సంధాయ చ మహాబలః ।
చిక్షేప భీమసేనాయ జీవితాన్తకరీమివ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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