Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.83.23

बको नाम सुदुर्बुद्धे राक्षसप्रवरो बली ।
परोक्षं मम तद्वृत्तं यद्भ्राता मे हतस्त्वया ॥ २३ ॥

bako nāma sudurbuddhe rākṣasapravaro balī |
parokṣaṃ mama tadvṛttaṃ yadbhrātā me hatastvayā || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...with rage in that battle, licked the corners of his mouth. Casting his eyes on his enemy’s body, he saw not any part that was not well-covered with that impenetrable armour. With some...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.83.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Baka, Naman, Sudurbuddhi, Rakshasa, Pravara, Balin, Bali, Paroksha, Asmad, Tad, Tat, Vritta, Yat, Yad, Bhratri, Hata, Tva, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.83.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bako nāma sudurbuddhe rākṣasapravaro balī
  • bako* -
  • baka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nāma -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sudurbuddhe -
  • sudurbuddhi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sudurbuddhi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • rākṣasa -
  • rākṣasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rākṣasa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pravaro* -
  • pravara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • balī -
  • balī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    balī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    balin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “parokṣaṃ mama tadvṛttaṃ yadbhrātā me hatastvayā
  • parokṣam -
  • parokṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    parokṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    parokṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vṛttam -
  • vṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vṛttā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vṛt -> vṛtta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vṛtta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhrātā -
  • bhrātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • hatas -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.83.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.83.23 in Kannada sript:
ಬಕೋ ನಾಮ ಸುದುರ್ಬುದ್ಧೇ ರಾಕ್ಷಸಪ್ರವರೋ ಬಲೀ ।
ಪರೋಕ್ಷಂ ಮಮ ತದ್ವೃತ್ತಂ ಯದ್ಭ್ರಾತಾ ಮೇ ಹತಸ್ತ್ವಯಾ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.83.23 in Bengali sript:
বকো নাম সুদুর্বুদ্ধে রাক্ষসপ্রবরো বলী ।
পরোক্ষং মম তদ্বৃত্তং যদ্ভ্রাতা মে হতস্ত্বযা ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.83.23 in Gujarati sript:
બકો નામ સુદુર્બુદ્ધે રાક્ષસપ્રવરો બલી ।
પરોક્ષં મમ તદ્વૃત્તં યદ્ભ્રાતા મે હતસ્ત્વયા ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.83.23 in Malayalam sript:
ബകോ നാമ സുദുര്ബുദ്ധേ രാക്ഷസപ്രവരോ ബലീ ।
പരോക്ഷം മമ തദ്വൃത്തം യദ്ഭ്രാതാ മേ ഹതസ്ത്വയാ ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 7.83.23 in Telugu sript:
బకో నామ సుదుర్బుద్ధే రాక్షసప్రవరో బలీ ।
పరోక్షం మమ తద్వృత్తం యద్భ్రాతా మే హతస్త్వయా ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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