Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.57.2

तं तु शोकेन संतप्तं स्वप्ने कपिवरध्वजम् ।
आससाद महातेजा ध्यायन्तं गरुडध्वजः ॥ २ ॥

taṃ tu śokena saṃtaptaṃ svapne kapivaradhvajam |
āsasāda mahātejā dhyāyantaṃ garuḍadhvajaḥ || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...possess my mind without living it. On earth, on all sides, various omens strike me with fear. Of many kinds are those omens and indications, and seen everywhere, foreboding dire calamity...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.57.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shoka, Santapta, Svapna, Kapi, Vara, Dhvaja, Asa, Sada, Mahateja, Mahatejas, Dhyayat, Garudadhvaja,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.57.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “taṃ tu śokena saṃtaptaṃ svapne kapivaradhvajam
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • śokena -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • santaptam -
  • santapta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    santapta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    santaptā (noun, feminine)
  • svapne -
  • svapna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    svapna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    svapnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kapi -
  • kapi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kapī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • vara -
  • vara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dhvajam -
  • dhvaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhvajā (noun, feminine)
  • Line 2: “āsasāda mahātejā dhyāyantaṃ garuḍadhvajaḥ
  • āsa -
  • āsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āsan (noun, neuter)
    as (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • sāda -
  • sāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahātejā* -
  • mahāteja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahātejā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mahātejas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhyāyantam -
  • dhyāyat (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • garuḍadhvajaḥ -
  • garuḍadhvaja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.57.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.57.2 in Kannada sript:
ತಂ ತು ಶೋಕೇನ ಸಂತಪ್ತಂ ಸ್ವಪ್ನೇ ಕಪಿವರಧ್ವಜಮ್ ।
ಆಸಸಾದ ಮಹಾತೇಜಾ ಧ್ಯಾಯನ್ತಂ ಗರುಡಧ್ವಜಃ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.57.2 in Bengali sript:
তং তু শোকেন সংতপ্তং স্বপ্নে কপিবরধ্বজম্ ।
আসসাদ মহাতেজা ধ্যাযন্তং গরুডধ্বজঃ ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.57.2 in Gujarati sript:
તં તુ શોકેન સંતપ્તં સ્વપ્ને કપિવરધ્વજમ્ ।
આસસાદ મહાતેજા ધ્યાયન્તં ગરુડધ્વજઃ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.57.2 in Malayalam sript:
തം തു ശോകേന സംതപ്തം സ്വപ്നേ കപിവരധ്വജമ് ।
ആസസാദ മഹാതേജാ ധ്യായന്തം ഗരുഡധ്വജഃ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 7.57.2 in Telugu sript:
తం తు శోకేన సంతప్తం స్వప్నే కపివరధ్వజమ్ ।
ఆససాద మహాతేజా ధ్యాయన్తం గరుడధ్వజః ॥ ౨ ॥

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