Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.29.23

ततस्तमः प्रादुरभूदर्जुनस्य रथं प्रति ।
तस्माच्च तमसो वाचः क्रूराः पार्थमभर्त्सयन् ॥ २३ ॥

tatastamaḥ prādurabhūdarjunasya rathaṃ prati |
tasmācca tamaso vācaḥ krūrāḥ pārthamabhartsayan || 23 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Indra himself, taking up another bow pierced Suta’s son with four and sixty shafts and roared like a lion. And cutting off Karna’s bow with a couple of well-shot shafts, he once more...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.29.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Tama, Tamas, Pradur, Arjuna, Ratha, Prati, Tasmat, Tamasa, Vac, Vaca, Krura, Partha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.29.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatastamaḥ prādurabhūdarjunasya rathaṃ prati
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tamaḥ -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prādur -
  • prādur (indeclinable)
  • abhūd -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • arjunasya -
  • arjuna (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    arjuna (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • ratham -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)
  • Line 2: “tasmācca tamaso vācaḥ krūrāḥ pārthamabhartsayan
  • tasmāc -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tamaso* -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tamasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vācaḥ -
  • vāc (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vāca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • krūrāḥ -
  • krūra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    krūrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pārtham -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abhartsayan -
  • bharts (verb class 10)
    [imperfect active third plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.29.23

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.29.23 in Kannada sript:
ತತಸ್ತಮಃ ಪ್ರಾದುರಭೂದರ್ಜುನಸ್ಯ ರಥಂ ಪ್ರತಿ ।
ತಸ್ಮಾಚ್ಚ ತಮಸೋ ವಾಚಃ ಕ್ರೂರಾಃ ಪಾರ್ಥಮಭರ್ತ್ಸಯನ್ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.29.23 in Bengali sript:
ততস্তমঃ প্রাদুরভূদর্জুনস্য রথং প্রতি ।
তস্মাচ্চ তমসো বাচঃ ক্রূরাঃ পার্থমভর্ত্সযন্ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.29.23 in Gujarati sript:
તતસ્તમઃ પ્રાદુરભૂદર્જુનસ્ય રથં પ્રતિ ।
તસ્માચ્ચ તમસો વાચઃ ક્રૂરાઃ પાર્થમભર્ત્સયન્ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.29.23 in Malayalam sript:
തതസ്തമഃ പ്രാദുരഭൂദര്ജുനസ്യ രഥം പ്രതി ।
തസ്മാച്ച തമസോ വാചഃ ക്രൂരാഃ പാര്ഥമഭര്ത്സയന് ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 7.29.23 in Telugu sript:
తతస్తమః ప్రాదురభూదర్జునస్య రథం ప్రతి ।
తస్మాచ్చ తమసో వాచః క్రూరాః పార్థమభర్త్సయన్ ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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