Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.24.43

पुत्रस्ते दुर्जयश्चैव जयश्च विजयश्च ह ।
नीलं काश्यं जयं शूरास्त्रयस्त्रीन्प्रत्यवारयन् ॥ ४३ ॥

putraste durjayaścaiva jayaśca vijayaśca ha |
nīlaṃ kāśyaṃ jayaṃ śūrāstrayastrīnpratyavārayan || 43 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...destroy the Pandava force today. Except us two, there is none else capable of checking that creature. Go quickly, therefore, to that spot where the ruler of the Pragjyotishas is. Proud...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.24.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Putra, Tad, Yushmad, Durjaya, Jaya, Vijaya, Han, Nila, Kashya, Shura, Traya, Tri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.24.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “putraste durjayaścaiva jayaśca vijayaśca ha
  • putras -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • durjayaś -
  • durjaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • jayaś -
  • jaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ji (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ji (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vijayaś -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “nīlaṃ kāśyaṃ jayaṃ śūrāstrayastrīnpratyavārayan
  • nīlam -
  • nīla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nīla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nīlā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kāśyam -
  • kāśya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāśya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāśyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kāś -> kāśya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √kāś]
    kāś -> kāśya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √kāś]
    kāś -> kāśyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √kāś]
    kāś -> kāśya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kāś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kāś class 4 verb], [accusative single from √kāś]
    kāś -> kāśya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kāś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kāś class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kāś class 4 verb], [accusative single from √kāś class 4 verb], [nominative single from √kāś], [accusative single from √kāś]
    kaś -> kāśya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kaś class 1 verb]
    kaś -> kāśya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kaś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kaś class 1 verb]
  • jayam -
  • jaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śūrās -
  • śūra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śūrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • trayas -
  • traya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • trīn -
  • tri (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • pratyavā -
  • pratyava (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • arayan -
  • ray (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.24.43

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.24.43 in Kannada sript:
ಪುತ್ರಸ್ತೇ ದುರ್ಜಯಶ್ಚೈವ ಜಯಶ್ಚ ವಿಜಯಶ್ಚ ಹ ।
ನೀಲಂ ಕಾಶ್ಯಂ ಜಯಂ ಶೂರಾಸ್ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರೀನ್ಪ್ರತ್ಯವಾರಯನ್ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.24.43 in Bengali sript:
পুত্রস্তে দুর্জযশ্চৈব জযশ্চ বিজযশ্চ হ ।
নীলং কাশ্যং জযং শূরাস্ত্রযস্ত্রীন্প্রত্যবারযন্ ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.24.43 in Gujarati sript:
પુત્રસ્તે દુર્જયશ્ચૈવ જયશ્ચ વિજયશ્ચ હ ।
નીલં કાશ્યં જયં શૂરાસ્ત્રયસ્ત્રીન્પ્રત્યવારયન્ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.24.43 in Malayalam sript:
പുത്രസ്തേ ദുര്ജയശ്ചൈവ ജയശ്ച വിജയശ്ച ഹ ।
നീലം കാശ്യം ജയം ശൂരാസ്ത്രയസ്ത്രീന്പ്രത്യവാരയന് ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.24.43 in Telugu sript:
పుత్రస్తే దుర్జయశ్చైవ జయశ్చ విజయశ్చ హ ।
నీలం కాశ్యం జయం శూరాస్త్రయస్త్రీన్ప్రత్యవారయన్ ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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