Section 6 - Listen to Bharata: Rites, Fruits, and Deities to Worship

| Posted in: Hinduism Itihasa

Book index: Mahabharata (English)
This page contains a summary of the Mahabharata Section 6 including examples of moral lessons in daily life. The Maha-Bharata is one of the largest epics ever written containing roughly 100,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with the legendary history of ancient India and contains a large number of interwoven tales.

Short summary of the chapter:
The great king Janamejaya seeks guidance on how to properly listen to the epic Bharata, including the rituals, deities to worship, and gifts to make during the recitation. Vaishampayana clarifies that listening to the Bharata and making offerings to Brahmanas can cleanse one of sins and bring great rewards. The reciter should be knowledgeable, pure in conduct, and endowed with good qualities. The listener should listen attentively and make offerings at the end of each Parva, with gifts varying according to the content being recited.

The recitation of the Bharata is said to bring the fruits of various sacrifices, with each Parana offering different rewards. The listener acquires merits equivalent to performing sacrifices such as the Agnishtoma, Atiratra, and Vajapeya. For each Parva reached, specific offerings should be made to Brahmanas, and the reciter should be honored appropriately. The importance of proper observance and devotion in listening to the sacred text is emphasized throughout the guidance.

The reciter should have a clear voice, good pronunciation, and a deep understanding of the text while maintaining a calm and steady pace during the recitation. The listener should listen with faith and attentiveness, believing in the purifying and transformative power of the Bharata. Offering gifts to the reciter and Brahmanas is seen as a way to attain blessings and merits equivalent to performing sacrificial rituals. The significance of honoring the text and the reciter is reiterated throughout the instructions.

Each Parva of the Bharata should be accompanied by specific offerings and acts of worship to Brahmanas, ensuring the continuous flow of blessings and merit for the listener. The reciter should be decked in robes and ornaments and served sumptuous meals to show respect and gratitude for his recitation. At the conclusion of the recitation, a grand ceremony should be performed with offerings and homa to mark the completion of the sacred text. The benefits of listening to the Bharata are extolled, promising purification of sins and attainment of the status of Vishnu for the devoted listener.

In conclusion, the epic Bharata is extolled as a sacred text that can cleanse one of sins and bring great rewards to those who listen with faith and devotion. The proper observance of rituals, offerings to Brahmanas, and honoring the reciter are emphasized as essential practices during the recitation of the text. By following these guidelines, one can attain the highest goal, achieve blessings equivalent to performing sacrifices, and ultimately reach the status of Vishnu. The power and significance of the Bharata are reaffirmed as a source of divine grace and spiritual elevation for all who engage with its sacred verses.

Full English translation:

This page is merely a summary which is automatically generated. If you are looking for authentic sources such as the Sanskrit text or the Full English translation of Mahabharata Section 6 - Listen to Bharata: Rites, Fruits, and Deities to Worship, have a look at the following articles:

Section 6, online text

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguli.

Read this and other chapters online.

Mahabharata (English Summary)

by Kisari Mohan Ganguli | 31,635 words | ISBN-10: 8121505933

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FAQ of Mahabharata, Section 6:

What should one do to receive benefits from listening to the Mahabharata?

Listen with a focused mind, make offerings to Brahmanas, and give gifts to the reciter. Practicing rituals and being devoted to truth are also important.

What are the fruits of listening to the Bharata and offering gifts during its recitation?

By listening and making offerings, one can attain the merits of various sacrifices, cleanse sins, and ultimately reach the status of Vishnu. It also benefits ancestors and family members.

What qualifications should the reciter have to be engaged in reciting the Bharata?

The reciter should be pure of body and mind, well-versed in learning, truthful, and endowed with self-control and good conduct. Gift-giving and honoring the reciter are also important aspects.

How should Brahmanas be entertained and honored during the recitation of different Parvas of the Bharata?

Various offerings like food, clothes, gems, conveyances, and precious metals should be presented to Brahmanas based on the Parva being recited. Adorning them with perfumes and garlands is also recommended.

What should be done after the completion of reciting the Mahabharata?

Offer a copy of the Mahabharata with a piece of gold to the reciter, worship the scriptures with devotion, and feed Brahmanas with enjoyable articles and superior things. Perform a Homa with all its ten parts to conclude the recitation.

What benefits can one attain by listening to the Bharata with devotion?

Sins are cleansed, ancestors up to the eleventh degree are rescued, and the listener ultimately attains the status of Vishnu, enjoying everlasting bliss in the region of Vishnu. Listening to the Bharata is considered highly sanctifying and leads to salvation.

Daily life: Listen to Bharata: Rites, Fruits, and Deities to Worship:

The given passage from the Mahabharata encapsulates the profound impact that listening to and respecting this ancient epic can have on individuals, as outlined by Vaishampayana to King Janamejaya. To integrate the essence of this teaching into daily life, one must approach the text with a pure heart, sincerity, and an open mind, free from skepticism and full of joy. Engaging with the Mahabharata, or indeed any spiritual or sacred text, requires a disposition of reverence and the willingness to deeply absorb its teachings and values.

In daily life, this translates to dedicating time to learn and reflect upon the narratives, philosophies, and moral dilemmas presented within the Mahabharata, allowing these to inform and guide one’s actions and decisions. Engaging with the text doesn’t merely involve a literal reading; it also encompasses discussion with others, contemplation of its multitude of layers and meanings, and application of its lessons to personal struggles and ethical choices.

Furthermore, sharing the stories and wisdom of the Mahabharata with others can amplify its benefits, not just for oneself but for the community at large. Creating spaces for collective listening, discussion, and interpretation can foster a sense of shared learning and moral growth. This communal engagement with the text can help cultivate virtues like truthfulness, self-restraint, and compassion towards others, which are vital for personal development and societal harmony.

Acting on the teachings of the Mahabharata also involves acts of generosity and reverence towards those who impart its wisdom, recognizing their role in disseminating these timeless lessons. Through such respectful engagement, individuals can achieve a deeper sense of contentment and purpose, knowing they are part of a tradition that promotes righteousness and spiritual advancement.

Thus, by viewing the Mahabharata not just as a literary or historical artifact but as a source of guidance and inspiration, one can enrich one’s life and contribute to a more virtuous and enlightened society. Adopting the values and lessons of this epic in one's daily life can be a transformative experience, leading to personal growth, fulfillment, and a deeper connection with the divine.

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