Section 2 - Yudhishthira's Journey to Hell and Meeting with Brothers

| Posted in: Hinduism Itihasa

Book index: Mahabharata (English)
This page contains a summary of the Mahabharata Section 2 including examples of moral lessons in daily life. The Maha-Bharata is one of the largest epics ever written containing roughly 100,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with the legendary history of ancient India and contains a large number of interwoven tales.

Short summary of the chapter:
Yudhishthira, after reaching Heaven, expressed his deep longing to be reunited with his brothers, Karna, and Draupadi. The gods, understanding his desire, sent a celestial messenger to show him his loved ones. As they journeyed through a dark and foul-smelling path, Yudhishthira encountered various tortures inflicted upon sinful men and heard the piteous cries of beings in pain, pleading for his presence to bring them relief.

Despite the difficult and unpleasant conditions along the way, Yudhishthira's compassionate heart was moved by the suffering of those in Hell. He recognized the voices of his brothers, Karna, Draupadi, and her sons, among the afflicted souls, questioning why such righteous beings had been consigned to such a fate. In his confusion and sorrow, Yudhishthira pondered the reasons behind their predicament, unable to understand why Dhritarashtra's son, Suyodhana, and his followers, who had committed sinful acts, were rewarded while his loved ones suffered.

Overwhelmed by grief and anger, Yudhishthira decided to stay in Hell with his companions, refusing to return to the gods' realm. He expressed his determination to bring solace to his suffering brothers and friends, even in the midst of the foul odour and torment of that place. The celestial messenger relayed Yudhishthira's decision to Indra, the chief of the deities, informing him of the king's resolve to remain in Hell to provide comfort and companionship to his beloved ones, despite the hardships they faced. The story highlights Yudhishthira's unwavering loyalty and compassion towards his family and friends, showcasing his deep bond with them even in the face of adversity.

Full English translation:

This page is merely a summary which is automatically generated. If you are looking for authentic sources such as the Sanskrit text or the Full English translation of Mahabharata Section 2 - Yudhishthira's Journey to Hell and Meeting with Brothers, have a look at the following articles:

Section 2, online text

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguli.

Read this and other chapters online.

Mahabharata (English Summary)

by Kisari Mohan Ganguli | 31,635 words | ISBN-10: 8121505933

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FAQ of Mahabharata, Section 2:

What did Yudhishthira express in the celestial realm?

Yudhishthira longed to be reunited with his brothers and Karna, feeling incomplete without them. He refused to leave the region where they resided, even if it meant enduring great pain.

Daily life: Yudhishthira's Journey to Hell and Meeting with Brothers:

The story of Yudhishthira's refusal to enjoy the pleasures of heaven without the presence of his brothers and kin, who were suffering in a region of torment, offers profound lessons on loyalty, empathy, and the essence of human relationships. It teaches us the importance of standing by those we care for, even in the face of personal gain or comfort. Yudhishthira's actions remind us that true happiness and fulfillment come not from our individual successes or heavenly rewards, but from the well-being and companionship of those we hold dear.

In our daily lives, we can implement this lesson by prioritizing our relationships over personal ambitions or material achievements. It encourages us to act with empathy, always considering the impact of our actions on others, and to extend support and understanding towards those in need. Yudhishthira's example shows that sacrificing our interests for the sake of others can be the highest form of righteousness, bringing deeper satisfaction than any external reward.

Moreover, this story highlights the significance of acknowledging our mistakes and their consequences on those around us, as Yudhishthira grieved for causing Karna's death due to unrecognized kinship. It suggests that acknowledging our errors and learning from them is crucial for personal growth and maintaining healthy relationships.

Ultimately, Yudhishthira's journey tells us that true leadership involves empathy, self-reflection, and the courage to stand by one's principles, even in the face of adversity. By embodying these values in our everyday interactions and decisions, we can build stronger, more compassionate connections with those around us, creating a more fulfilling and just society.

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