Section CCXII - Bhishma explains faults to be avoided for Emancipation

| Posted in: Hinduism Itihasa

Book index: Mahabharata (English)
This page contains a summary of the Mahabharata Section CCXII including examples of moral lessons in daily life. The Maha-Bharata is one of the largest epics ever written containing roughly 100,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with the legendary history of ancient India and contains a large number of interwoven tales.

Short summary of the chapter:
Bhishma explains that those devoted to acts highly value the practice of acts, while those devoted to Knowledge do not value anything other than Knowledge. Intelligently choosing the path of abstention from acts over seeking heaven or emancipation is praised, as abstention from acts is observed by those with great wisdom. One should strive to destroy their attachment to earthly objects and create a path for attaining emancipation without seeking earthly rewards. The intelligence that urges one to abstain from acts is the key to attaining Emancipation, as indulging in impure acts leads to attachment to the body and earthly objects, causing misery and destruction.

One should not become attached to the objects of the senses, which lead to joy, sorrow, and a cycle of desires driven by ignorance. By examining the consequences of the attributes of Goodness, Passion, and Darkness, one can understand the effects of contentment, desire, and darkness on the Soul. A person seeking Emancipation must abandon faults originating from Darkness and Passion, freeing the Soul from worldly attachments and allowing the attribute of Goodness to shine brighter. By cleansing the Soul of faults and qualities born of Passion and Darkness, one can attain Emancipation and ultimate purity, moving towards a state of tranquility and moral beauty.

Full English translation:

This page is merely a summary which is automatically generated. If you are looking for authentic sources such as the Sanskrit text or the Full English translation of Mahabharata Section CCXII - Bhishma explains faults to be avoided for Emancipation, have a look at the following articles:

Section CCXII, online text

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguli.

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Mahabharata (English Summary)

by Kisari Mohan Ganguli | ISBN-10: 8121505933

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FAQ of Mahabharata, Section CCXII:

What qualities should a person possess to attain Emancipation according to Bhishma?

A person should possess purity of soul, cultivate goodness, abandon passion and darkness.

What are the consequences of the attributes of Goodness, Passion, and Darkness?

Goodness leads to contentment and joy, Passion to desire and wrath, Darkness to grief and wickedness.

Why are sacrifices and acts performed with mantras considered as means for purification of the Soul?

These acts contribute to dissociating the Soul from worldly attachments and observing tranquillity.

Daily life: Bhishma explains faults to be avoided for Emancipation:

To incorporate the wisdom from this story into daily life, one should strive to cultivate a mindset that values tranquility, purity, and renunciation over worldly attachments and desires. It tells us that by focusing on acts that purify the soul—such as those driven by the attribute of Goodness rather than those propelled by Passion and Darkness—we can pave the path toward personal growth and ultimately, emancipation. This involves engaging in actions that foster contentment, intelligence, and a sense of satisfaction derived from joy, which are intrinsic to the attribute of Goodness.

In practice, this means living a life of simplicity and avoiding excessive indulgence in material pleasures, recognizing that such attachments can cloud one’s judgment and impede spiritual progress. By reflecting on our faults and endeavoring to remove them at their roots, we work towards purifying our souls. This process involves an honest self-examination, acknowledging and working on overcoming those traits influenced by Darkness and Passion, such as anger, greed, and vanity.

Moreover, embracing activities that contribute to personal and spiritual development—like meditation, acts of kindness, and learning—can help elevate the quality of Goodness within us. Meanwhile, recognizing that every fault or virtue is part of a larger cycle can foster a compassionate attitude towards oneself and others. By gradually distancing ourselves from actions and thoughts that tether us to worldly desires, we can make significant strides toward achieving a state of tranquility and, ultimately, liberation from the cycle of rebirth.

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