Section CCVI - Knowledge of Brahma: Attainment of Immortality and Emancipation

| Posted in: Hinduism Itihasa

Book index: Mahabharata (English)
This page contains a summary of the Mahabharata Section CCVI including examples of moral lessons in daily life. The Maha-Bharata is one of the largest epics ever written containing roughly 100,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with the legendary history of ancient India and contains a large number of interwoven tales.

Short summary of the chapter:
In the story, Manu explains that the fivefold attributes, when united with the five senses and the mind, allow individuals to see Brahma like a thread passing through a gem. Souls can take on different forms based on their actions in previous lives, residing in various beings such as animals or humans. Knowledge leads to desire, which leads to action and ultimately results in consequences, both good and bad. Through abstention from actions and realization of the unchangeable essence of Brahma, individuals can attain Emancipation and escape the cycle of birth and death.

Manu emphasizes that Brahma transcends all attributes and is superior to the Vedas, as it is infinite, unchangeable, and without beginning or end. Those attached to worldly possessions or desires struggle to attain the Supreme because Brahma cannot be acquired through effort like the Vedas. By purifying the understanding, controlling the mind, and subduing the senses, individuals can reach the unchangeable state of Brahma. Through contemplation, detachment from attachments, and possession of a discerning mind, one can attain Brahma, which is devoid of desire and beyond attributes.

The mind, when freed from attachments and enriched with discernment, can lead individuals to Brahma, which is above all desires and attributes. Manu compares the Soul to the unmanifest, yet active force that becomes manifest through the senses and takes refuge in the primal elements. By discerning the unchangeable nature of Brahma, the highest refuge of righteous individuals, one can attain immortality and escape the cycle of rebirth. In conclusion, individuals who abandon attachments and engage in penance ultimately reach the indestructible Brahma, free from all attributes and distinctions.

Full English translation:

This page is merely a summary which is automatically generated. If you are looking for authentic sources such as the Sanskrit text or the Full English translation of Mahabharata Section CCVI - Knowledge of Brahma: Attainment of Immortality and Emancipation, have a look at the following articles:

Section CCVI, online text

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguli.

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Mahabharata (English Summary)

by Kisari Mohan Ganguli | ISBN-10: 8121505933

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FAQ of Mahabharata, Section CCVI:

What is the ultimate goal of the individual according to Manu?

The ultimate goal is to attain Brahma through knowledge, understanding, and detachment from earthly possessions.

How does one achieve Emancipation according to the passage?

One achieves Emancipation by purifying the mind, controlling the senses, and seeking Brahma.

What role do actions and knowledge play in attaining Brahma?

Actions lead to knowledge, which in turn leads to understanding and eventually to Brahma.

Daily life: Knowledge of Brahma: Attainment of Immortality and Emancipation:

The essence of the story suggests a deep spiritual journey towards understanding and embodying the wisdom of Brahma, transcending the material to attain a state of Emancipation. In everyday life, this implies cultivating a mindset that prioritizes knowledge, self-awareness, and detachment from worldly desires and actions driven by personal gains. Recognizing that our actions are intricately linked to their outcomes, one should aim to perform good deeds, fostering a positive cycle of actions and their consequences.

Implementing this philosophy requires one to be mindful of the interconnectedness between the self, actions, and the universal essence of Brahma. By honing our understanding and controlling our desires and actions, we can purify our minds and understanding, aligning closer to our true, unchangeable self. It's about seeing beyond the immediate, material world and appreciating the broader, spiritual existence that surrounds us.

To practically apply these insights, one could focus on self-reflection, meditation, and acts of kindness and compassion without expecting anything in return. It involves a shift from being self-centered to becoming more self-aware and connected with the universe, gradually moving towards a state of detachment and peace. This spiritual approach encourages us to seek knowledge and understanding as pathways to freedom from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, ultimately leading to a higher state of existence and liberation.

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