Section CLXXXIV [summary]

| Posted in: Hinduism Itihasa

Book index: Mahabharata (English)
This page contains a summary of the Mahabharata Section CLXXXIV including examples of moral lessons in daily life. The Maha-Bharata is one of the largest epics ever written containing roughly 100,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with the legendary history of ancient India and contains a large number of interwoven tales.

Short summary of the chapter:
Atri, a sage of great power, initially wanted to go to King Vainya's horse-sacrifice for wealth, but later decided to renounce wealth and live in the forest for spiritual merit. His wife tried to convince him to go to the king for wealth, but Atri chose to follow the advice of Rishi Gautama instead. Despite the jealousy of some Brahmanas at the sacrifice, Atri decided to approach King Vainya for wealth. Upon reaching the sacrifice, Atri praised the king, but Gautama challenged Atri's assertion that the king ruled over destinies.

The dispute between Atri and Gautama caught the attention of other Munis at the sacrifice, leading them to seek clarification from Sanatkumara, a knowledgeable sage. Sanatkumara explained that a king is like a protector and ruler of destinies, similar to gods like Indra and Sukra. He emphasized the importance of worshipping and respecting a king for upholding social order and protecting his subjects. The Munis were convinced by Sanatkumara's explanation of the king's role and power.

Sanatkumara further elaborated on the virtues and responsibilities of a king, comparing the king to various deities and highlighting his crucial role in maintaining peace and order. He stressed the significance of a king in upholding the social and moral fabric of society and rooting out sin from the earth. The Munis were swayed by Sanatkumara's reasoning and recognized the greatness and importance of a righteous king. King Vainya, pleased with the revelation, rewarded Atri with vast wealth as a gesture of respect for his wisdom.

Atri accepted the king's gifts with humility and distributed the wealth among his family before retreating to the forest to perform ascetic practices. Despite the initial desire for wealth, Atri chose the path of renunciation and spiritual growth, guided by the teachings of wise sages. The story illustrates the importance of virtue, spiritual wisdom, and respect for authority in the pursuit of a meaningful and fulfilling life. The interaction between Atri, Gautama, and King Vainya underscores the complexity of moral dilemmas and the value of seeking guidance from knowledgeable mentors in navigating such challenges.

Full English translation:

This page is merely a summary which is automatically generated. If you are looking for authentic sources such as the Sanskrit text or the Full English translation of Mahabharata Section CLXXXIV, have a look at the following articles:

Section CLXXXIV, online text

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguli.

Read this and other chapters online.

Mahabharata (English Summary)

by Kisari Mohan Ganguli | ISBN-10: 8121505933

Buy the latest edition:

FAQ of Section CLXXXIV:

What was the reason behind Atri's decision to live in the forest?

Atri desired a life of great merit and tranquility, so he chose to go to the woods.

Why did Atri hesitate to seek wealth from the royal sage Vainya?

Atri was warned by Gautama that the Brahmanas around Vainya were jealous of him.

What did Sanatkumara reveal about the role of a king?

Sanatkumara explained that a king is like a ruler of destinies and protector of subjects.

Mahabharata Section CLXXXIV in daily life:

The story illustrates the importance of virtue, wisdom, and the mutual respect between different walks of life, particularly between the spiritual and the ruling classes. In our daily lives, this can be translated into acknowledging and respecting the roles that each person plays in society, understanding that each role comes with its own set of knowledge and expertise. For instance, just as Atri and the king demonstrate mutual respect and acknowledgement for each other's positions and wisdom, we, too, should appreciate the diverse perspectives and expertise individuals bring to our community.

Additionally, the story teaches the value of conflict resolution through dialogue and seeking higher wisdom when faced with doubts or disagreements. This is akin to seeking advice or mediating discussions in our personal and professional lives to resolve disputes gracefully. The narrative also showcases how humility and the willingness to accept one's limitations can lead to greater rewards, both material and spiritual, as seen when Atri is rewarded by the king for his praises.

In essence, applying these principles entails approaching our interactions with others with respect, humility, and openness to learning. It encourages us to value different roles and contributions while reminding us to seek common ground and wisdom, especially in times of conflict. This not only enriches personal growth but also strengthens community bonds.

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: