Later Chola Temples

by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam | 1979 | 143,852 words

This volume of Chola Temples covers Kulottunga I to Rajendra III in the timeframe A.D. 1070-1280. The Cholas of Southern India left a remarkable stamp in the history of Indian architecture and sculpture. Besides that, the Chola dynasty was a successful ruling dynasty even conquering overseas regions....

Yannagumba is a small village in the Chamaraja taluk of the Mysore district (in the Karnataka State). There is a local temple dedicated to Ramesvara. In the early days, the deity was known by the name of Ramesvaram Udaiyar.

Ramesvara (Ramesvaram Udaiyar) temple

On a stone close to this temple, there is an inscription dated in the 40th year of Kulottunga I, portions of which read as follows:

“In the 40th regnal year of Chakravartin Kulottunga Chola deva, Malana of Erumaikumba in Ennai nadu, in the Gangai-kondachola valanadu of the Mudikondasola Mandala, Nagan... kondachola gamunda, ruler of the Gangaikondachola valanadu and Kachchala Kongavela, made a grant of land for the great god Ramesvaram Udaiyar of engalur (our village). And the Udaiyar of the matha in this village, DevasivaPandita’sson, Amurtakattar and his four brothers will, for the work of building this, receive the tax on grazing, the tax on digging and any other taxes” (197 Chamaraja, Epi. Car.).

Thus, we can conclude that, at ‘Engalur’ in Ennai nadu, in Gangaikondasola valanadu in Mudikondasola mandalam, in the year a.d. 1110, a temple was built, dedicated to Ramesvaram Udaiyar. Now the deity is called Ramesvara and the village Yannagumba.