by Hermann Oldenberg | 1886 | 14,135 words

The Khadira-Grihya has evidently been composed with the intention of abridging Gobhila’s very detailed and somewhat lengthy treatise on the domestic rites The Grihya-sutra ascribed to Khadiracarya belongs to the Drahyayana school of the Sama-veda, which prevails in the south of the Indian peninsula, and it is based on the Gobhiliya-sutra. Alterna...

Adhyāya I, Khaṇḍa 5

1[1]. The fire used at his wedding (is kept as) his (sacred) domestic fire.

2. Or that on which he (as a student) puts the last piece of wood.

3. Or (a fire) kindled by attrition: that is pure, but it does not bring prosperity.

4. Or he may get it from a frying-pan.

5. Or from the house of one who offers many sacrifices, with the exception of a Śūdra.

5, 1. yasminn agnau pāṇiṃ gṛhṇīyāt sa gṛhyo. 2. yasmin vāntyāṃ samidham ādadhyān. 3. nirmanthyo vā punyas sonardhuko. 4. mbarīṣād vānayed. 5. bahuyājino vāgārāc chūdravarjaṃ.

6. The service (at that sacred domestic fire) begins with an evening oblation.

7. After (the fire) has been set in a blaze before sunset or sunrise—

8. The sacrifice (is performed) after sunset,

9. (And) after sunrise or before sunrise.

10[2]. He should with his hand make oblations of food which is fit for sacrifice, having washed it, if it is raw.

11. If it consists in curds or milk, with a brazen bowl,

12. Or with the pot in which the oblations of cooked rice are prepared.

13. (In the evening the first oblation with the formula), 'To Agni Svāhā!' in the middle (of the sacred fire);

14. The second (oblation) silently in the northeastern part (of the fire).

15. In the morning the first (oblation with the formula), 'To Sūrya (Svāhā)!'

16. The wiping round the fire and the similar acts, with the exception of the sprinkling (of water) round (the fire), are omitted here.

17. Some (teachers say) that his wife may offer these oblations, for the wife is (as it were) the house, and that fire is the domestic fire.

6. sāyamāhutyupakramaṃ paricaraṇaṃ. 7. prāg astamayodayābhyāṃ prādushkṛtyā. 8. stam ite homa. 9. udite cānudite vā. 10. haviṣyasyānnasyākṛtaṃ cet prakṣālya juhuyāt pāṇinā. 11. dadhi cet payo vā kaṃsena. 12. carusthālyā vā. 13. gnaye svāheti madhye. 14. tūṣṇīṃ prāgudīcīm uttarāṃ. 15. Sūryāyeti prātaḥ pūrvāṃ. 16. nātra parisamūhanādīni paryukṣaṇavarjaṃ. 17. patnī juhuyād ity eke gṛhāḥ patnī gṛhyognir eṣa iti.

18. When (the meal) is ready, in the evening and in the morning, (the wife) should say, 'It is ready! and (the husband) with loud voice, 'Om!'

19. Then in a low voice: 'May it not fail! Adoration to thee!'

20[3]. Of food which is fit for sacrifice he should make oblations to Prajāpati and to (Agni) Sviṣṭakṛt.

21. Then he should make the Bali offerings.

22. He should put down (a Bali) at four places, inside or outside (the Agnyagāra);

23. (Another Bali) near the water-barrel;

24. (Another) at the middle door;

25. (Another) in the bed,

26. Or in the privy;

27. Another on the heap of sweepings.

28. He should sprinkle each (Bali with water) before and afterwards.

29. The remnants he should pour out together with water towards the south.

30. Of chaff, of water, and of the scum of boiled rice (he should offer a Bali) when a donation has been made.

18. siddhe sāyamprātar bhūtam ity ukta om ity uccair brūyāt. 19. ma kṣā namas ta ity upāṃśu. 20. haviṣyasyānnasya juhuyāt prājāpatyaṃ sauviṣṭakṛtaṃ ca. 21. baliṃ nayed. 22. bahir antar vā catur nidhāya. 23. maṇikadeśe. 24. madhye dvāri. 25. śayyām anu. 26. varcaṃ [sic] vā. 27. tha sastūpam. 28. ekaikam ubhayataḥ paṛṣiñcec. 29. cheṣam adbhis sārdhaṃ dakṣiṇā ninayet. 30. phalīkaraṇānām apām ācāmasveti (read, ācāmasyeti) viśrāṇite.

31. The gods to whom the Bali offerings belong, are, the Earth, Vāyu, Prajāpati, the Viśve devās, the Waters, the Herbs and Trees, the Ether, Kama or Manyu, the hosts of Rakṣas, the Fathers, Rudra.

32. He should do so silently.

33. He should do so (i.e. offer Balis) of all food.

34. If for one meal the food gets ready at different times, he should do so only once.

35. If (food is prepared) at different places, (he should take) that which belongs to the householder.

36. Of all food he should offer (something) in the fire, and give the due portion to a Brāhmaṇa; he should do so himself.

37. From the rice(-harvest) till the barley(-harvest), or from the barley(-harvest) till the rice(-harvest) he should offer (the Balis) himself. He should offer (the Balis) himself.

End of the First Paṭala.

31. Pṛthivī Vāyuḥ Prajāpatir Viśve devā Āpa Oṣadhivanaspataya Ākāśaḥ Kāmo Manyur vā Rakṣogaṇāḥ Pitaro Rudra iti balidaivatāni. 32. tūṣṇīṃ to kuryāt. 33. sarvasya tv annasyaitat kuryād. 34. asakṛc ced ekasmin kale siddhe sakṛd eva kuryād. 35. bahudhā ced yad gṛhapateḥ. 36. sarvasya tv annasyāgnau kṛtvāgraṃ brāhmaṇāya dadyāt; svayaṃ kuryād. 37. vrīhiprabhṛty ā yavebhyo yavebhyo vāvrīhibhya svayaṃ haret svayaṃ haret. prathamapaṭalaḥ.

Footnotes and references:


5, 1-9 = Gobhila I, 1, 20-28.


10-19 = I, 3, 6-18 (16 deest).


20-37 = 1, 4, 1 seqq.

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