Kautilya Arthashastra [sanskrit]

37,100 words | ISBN-13: 9788171106417

The Sanskrit edition of Kautilya’s Arthashastra, an ancient encyclopedic treatise dealing with the ssience of politics, economics and warfare. Other topics include internal and foreign affairs, civil, military, commercial, fiscal, judicial, tables of weights, measures of length and divisions of time. Kautilya is also named Vishnugupta and Chanakya and his Artha-shastra can be dated to 321-296 B.C. Original title: Kauṭilya-Arthaśāstra (कौटिल्य-अर्थशास्त्र).

Chapter 3.2

[English text for this chapter is available]

vivāhapūrvo vyavahāraḥ || KAZ_03.2.01 ||

kanyādānaṃ kanyāmalaṃkṛtya brāhmo vivāhaḥ || KAZ_03.2.02 ||

sahadharmacaryā prājāpatyaḥ || KAZ_03.2.03 ||

gomithunādānādārṣaḥ || KAZ_03.2.04 ||

antarvedyāmṛtvije dānāddaivaḥ || KAZ_03.2.05 ||

mithaḥsamavāyādgāndharvaḥ || KAZ_03.2.06 ||

śulkādānādāsuraḥ || KAZ_03.2.07 ||

prasahyādānād rākṣasaḥ || KAZ_03.2.08 ||

suptamattādānātpaiśācaḥ || KAZ_03.2.09 ||

pitṛpramāṇāścatvāraḥ pūrve dharmyāḥ mātāpitṛpramāṇāḥ śeṣāḥ || KAZ_03.2.10 ||

tau hi śulkaharau duhituḥ anyatarābhāve'nyataro || KAZ_03.2.11 ||

dvitīyaṃ śulkaṃ strī hareta || KAZ_03.2.12 ||

sarveṣāṃ prītyāropaṇamapratiṣiddham | iti vivāhadharmaḥ || KAZ_03.2.13 ||

vṛttirābandhyaṃ strīdhanam || KAZ_03.2.14 ||

paradvisāhasrā sthāpyā vṛttiḥ ābandhyāniyamaḥ || KAZ_03.2.15 ||

tadātmaputrasnuṣābharmaṇi pravāsāpratividhāne ca bhāryāyā bhoktumadoṣaḥ pratirodhakavyādhidurbhikṣabhayapratīkāre dharmakārye ca patyuḥ sambhūya dampatyormithunaṃ prajātayoḥ || KAZ_03.2.16 ||

trivarṣopabhuktaṃ ca dharmiṣṭheṣu vivāheṣu nānuyuñjīta || KAZ_03.2.17 ||

gāndharvāsuropabhuktaṃ savṛddhikamubhayaṃ dāpyeta rākṣasapaiśācopabhuktaṃ steyaṃ dadyāt || KAZ_03.2.18 ||

mṛte bhartari dharmakāmā tadānīmeva sthāpyābharaṇaṃ śulkaśeṣaṃ ca labheta || KAZ_03.2.19 ||

labdhvā vindamānā savṛddhikamubhayaṃ dāpyeta || KAZ_03.2.20 ||

kuṭumbakāmā tu śvaśurapatidattaṃ niveśakāle labheta || KAZ_03.2.21 ||

niveśakālaṃ hi dīrghapravāse vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || KAZ_03.2.22 ||

śvaśuraprātilomyena niviṣṭā śvaśurapatidattaṃ jīyeta || KAZ_03.2.23 ||

jñātihastādabhimṛṣṭāyā jñātayo yathāgṛhītaṃ dadyuḥ || KAZ_03.2.24 ||

nyāyopagatāyāḥ pratipattā strīdhanaṃ gopayet || KAZ_03.2.25 ||

patidāyaṃ vindamānā jīyeta || KAZ_03.2.26 ||

dharmakāmā bhuñjīta || KAZ_03.2.27 ||

putravatī vindamānā strīdhanaṃ jīyeta || KAZ_03.2.28 ||

tattu strīdhanaṃ putrā hareyuḥ || KAZ_03.2.29 ||

putrabharaṇārthaṃ vindamānā putrārthaṃ sphātīkuryāt || KAZ_03.2.30 ||

bahupuruṣaprajānāṃ putrāṇāṃ yathāpitṛdattaṃ strīdhanamavasthāpayet || KAZ_03.2.31 ||

kāmakaraṇīyamapi strīdhanaṃ vindamānā putrasaṃsthaṃ kuryāt || KAZ_03.2.32 ||

aputrā patiśayanaṃ pālayantī gurusamīpe strīdhanamāyuḥkṣayādbhuñjīta || KAZ_03.2.33 ||

āpadarthaṃ hi strīdhanam || KAZ_03.2.34 ||

ūrdhvaṃ dāyādaṃ gacchet || KAZ_03.2.35 ||

jīvati bhartari mṛtāyāḥ putrā duhitaraśca strīdhanaṃ vibhajeranaputrāyā duhitaraḥ tadabhāve bhartā || KAZ_03.2.36 ||

śulkamanvādheyamanyadvā bandhubhirdattaṃ bāndhavā hareyuḥ | iti strīdhanakalpaḥ || KAZ_03.2.37 ||

varṣāṇyaṣṭāvaprajāyamānāmaputrāṃ vandhyāṃ cākāṅkṣeta daśa nindum dvādaśa kanyāprasavinīm || KAZ_03.2.38 ||

tataḥ putrārthī dvitīyāṃ vindeta || KAZ_03.2.39 ||

tasyātikrame śulkaṃ strīdhanamardhaṃ cādhivedanikaṃ dadyāt caturviṃśatipaṇaparaṃ ca daṇḍam || KAZ_03.2.40 ||

śulkaṃ strīdhanamaśulkastrīdhanāyāstatpramāṇamādhivedanikamanurūpāṃ ca vṛttiṃ dattvā bahvīrapi vindeta || KAZ_03.2.41 ||

putrārthā hi striyaḥ || KAZ_03.2.42 ||

tīrthasamavāye cāsāṃ yathāvivāhaṃ pūrvoḍhāṃ jīvatputrāṃ pūrvaṃ gacchet || KAZ_03.2.43 ||

tīrthagūhanāgamane ṣaṇṇavatirdaṇḍaḥ || KAZ_03.2.44 ||

putravatīṃ dharmakāmāṃ vandhyāṃ ninduṃ nīrajaskāṃ nākāmāmupeyāt || KAZ_03.2.45 ||

na cākāmaḥ puruṣaḥ kuṣṭhinīmunmattāṃ gacchet || KAZ_03.2.46 ||

strī tu putrārthamevaṃ bhūtaṃ vopagacchet || KAZ_03.2.47 ||

nīcatvaṃ paradeśaṃ prasthito rājakilbiṣī || KAZ_03.2.48ab ||

prāṇābhihantā patitastyājyaḥ klībo'pi patiḥ || KAZ_03.2.48cd ||

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Arthashastra Chapter 3.2

Cover of edition (2019)

The Kautiliya Arthasastra: 3 Volumes
by R.P. Kangle (2019)

[Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2005)

A Dictionary of Technical Terms in Kautilya's Arthasastra
by Bijoya Goswami Dev And Debarchana Sarkar Dev (2005)

DSA (Sanskrit), Jadavpur University Series; [Publisher: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1991)

Kautilya's Arthasastra with Five Commentaris
by Acharya Vishnu Gupta (आचार्य विष्णु गुप्त) (1991)

1947 pages; Set of 4 Volumes; [Sampurnanand Sanskrit University]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

The Arthasastra of Kautilya (Bengali Translation)
by Radhagovinda Basak (2015)

971 pages; Set of 2 Volumes; [Sanskrit Book Depot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Arthasastra of Kautilya (Hindi Translation)
by Vachaspati Gairola (वाचस्पति गैरोला) (2017)

910 pages; कौटिलीय अर्थशास्त्रम् (संस्कृत एवम् हिन्दी अनुवाद); [Publisher: Chaukhambha Vidya Bhawan]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2010)

Kautiliya Arthasastra (Gujarati translation)
by Niteen R. Desai (નીતીન ર દેસાઈ) (2010)

359 pages; [Philosophical-Cultural Test] કૌટિલીય અર્થશાસ્ત્ર (દાર્શનિક -સાંસ્કૃતિક પરીક્ષણ); [Publisher: Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Bharatiya Sanskriti Vidyamandir, Ahemdabad]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2010)

Kautilya Arthashastra (Kannada translation)
by Ankita Pustaka, Bangalore (2010)

632 pages; ಕೌತಲಿಯ ಅರ್ಥಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (0)

Kautilya Economics (Marathi)
by B R Hivargaonkar (0)

586 pages; कौटिलीय अर्थशास्त्र; [Publisher: Varada Books, Pune]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Arthasastram Kautilyan (Malayalam)
by K.V.M. (2016)

568 pages; कौटिलीय अर्थशास्त्र; [Publisher: Kerala Sahitya Akademi, Thrissur]; ISBN: 9788176903004

Buy now!
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