Katyayana-smriti [sanskrit]

by Manmatha Nath Dutt | 2006 | 9,945 words | ISBN-10: 8171102794

The Sanskrit edition of the Katyayana-smriti referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Katyayana-smriti is one of the minor works on Dharmashastra as mentioned in the Yajnavalkya-smriti. Katyayana is the author of a clear and full treatise on law and also wrote on grammar and other subjects. Alternative titles: Kātyāyanasmṛti (कात्यायनस्मृतिः), Kātyāyana-smṛti (कात्यायन-स्मृति).

Verse 58.4 [660]

त्यजेत्पथि सहायं यः श्रान्तं रोगार्तं एव वा ।
प्राप्नुयात्साहसं पूर्वं ग्रामे त्र्यहं अपालयन् ॥ ४ [६६०] ॥

tyajetpathi sahāyaṃ yaḥ śrāntaṃ rogārtaṃ eva vā |
prāpnuyātsāhasaṃ pūrvaṃ grāme tryahaṃ apālayan || 4 [660] ||

The English translation of Katyayana-smriti Verse 58.4 [660] is contained in the book Sixteen Minor Smrtis: 2 Volumes by Manmatha Nath Dutt. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Manmatha Nath Dutt (2006)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (58.4 [660]). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pathin, Pathi, Sahaya, Yah, Shranta, Shrat, Rogarta, Eva, Pra, Sahasa, Purvam, Purva, Grama, Tryaha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Katyayana-smriti Verse 58.4 [660]). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tyajetpathi sahāyaṃ yaḥ śrāntaṃ rogārtaṃ eva
  • tyajet -
  • tyaj (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • pathi -
  • pathin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [locative single]
    pathī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sahāyam -
  • sahāya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śrāntam -
  • śrānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śrānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śrāntā (noun, feminine)
    śrā -> śrāt (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śrā class 1 verb], [accusative single from √śrā class 2 verb]
    śram -> śrānta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śram class 4 verb]
    śram -> śrānta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śram class 4 verb], [accusative single from √śram class 4 verb]
  • rogārtam -
  • rogārta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rogārta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rogārtā (noun, feminine)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “prāpnuyātsāhasaṃ pūrvaṃ grāme tryahaṃ apālayan
  • prā -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    prā (Preverb)
  • āpnuyāt -
  • āp (verb class 5)
    [optative active third single]
  • sāhasam -
  • sāhasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sāhasa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sāhasā (noun, feminine)
  • pūrvam -
  • pūrvam (indeclinable)
    pūrva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pūrva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • grāme -
  • grāma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    grāma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • tryaham -
  • tryaha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tryaha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tryahā (noun, feminine)
  • apālayan -
  • pāl (verb class 10)
    [imperfect active third plural]
    (verb class 0)
    [imperfect active third plural]
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