Katyayana-smriti [sanskrit]

by Manmatha Nath Dutt | 2006 | 9,945 words | ISBN-10: 8171102794

The Sanskrit edition of the Katyayana-smriti referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Katyayana-smriti is one of the minor works on Dharmashastra as mentioned in the Yajnavalkya-smriti. Katyayana is the author of a clear and full treatise on law and also wrote on grammar and other subjects. Alternative titles: Kātyāyanasmṛti (कात्यायनस्मृतिः), Kātyāyana-smṛti (कात्यायन-स्मृति).

Verse 52.19 [560]

पुत्राभावे तु दातव्यं ऋणं पौत्रेण यत्नतः ।
चतुर्थेन न दातव्यं तस्मात्तद्विनिर्वर्तते ॥ १९ [५६०] ॥

putrābhāve tu dātavyaṃ ṛṇaṃ pautreṇa yatnataḥ |
caturthena na dātavyaṃ tasmāttadvinirvartate || 19 [560] ||

The English translation of Katyayana-smriti Verse 52.19 [560] is contained in the book Sixteen Minor Smrtis: 2 Volumes by Manmatha Nath Dutt. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Manmatha Nath Dutt (2006)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (52.19 [560]). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Putra, Abhava, Datavya, Rina, Pautra, Yatnatah, Yatnata, Caturtha, Tasmat, Tad, Tat, Rita, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Katyayana-smriti Verse 52.19 [560]). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “putrābhāve tu dātavyaṃ ṛṇaṃ pautreṇa yatnataḥ
  • putrā -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhāve -
  • abhāva (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • dātavyam -
  • dātavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dātavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dātavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ṛṇam -
  • ṛṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṛṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṛṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pautreṇa -
  • pautra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    pautra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yatnataḥ -
  • yatnataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatnata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “caturthena na dātavyaṃ tasmāttadvinirvartate
  • caturthena -
  • caturtha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    caturtha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dātavyam -
  • dātavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dātavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dātavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tasmāt -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vini -
  • vi (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • rva -
  • ru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ar -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛta -
  • ṛta (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
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