Katyayana-smriti [sanskrit]

by Manmatha Nath Dutt | 2006 | 9,945 words | ISBN-10: 8171102794

The Sanskrit edition of the Katyayana-smriti referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Katyayana-smriti is one of the minor works on Dharmashastra as mentioned in the Yajnavalkya-smriti. Katyayana is the author of a clear and full treatise on law and also wrote on grammar and other subjects. Alternative titles: Kātyāyanasmṛti (कात्यायनस्मृतिः), Kātyāyana-smṛti (कात्यायन-स्मृति).

Verse 30.14 [391]

वधे चेत्प्राणिनां साक्ष्यं वादयेच्छिवसंनिधौ ।
तदभावे तु चिह्नस्य नान्यथैव प्रवादयेत् ॥ १४ [३९१] ॥

vadhe cetprāṇināṃ sākṣyaṃ vādayecchivasaṃnidhau |
tadabhāve tu cihnasya nānyathaiva pravādayet || 14 [391] ||

The English translation of Katyayana-smriti Verse 30.14 [391] is contained in the book Sixteen Minor Smrtis: 2 Volumes by Manmatha Nath Dutt. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Manmatha Nath Dutt (2006)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (30.14 [391]). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vadha, Sakshya, Sakshi, Shiva, Samnidhi, Tada, Bhava, Cihna, Atha, Prava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Katyayana-smriti Verse 30.14 [391]). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vadhe cetprāṇināṃ sākṣyaṃ vādayecchivasaṃnidhau
  • vadhe -
  • vadha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vadhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Cannot analyse cetprāṇinām*sā
  • sākṣyam -
  • sākṣya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sākṣya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sākṣyā (noun, feminine)
    sākṣ -> sākṣya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sākṣ class 1 verb]
    sākṣ -> sākṣya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sākṣ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sākṣ class 1 verb]
    sākṣī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vādayecch -
  • vad (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
  • śiva -
  • śiva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śiva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃnidhau -
  • saṃnidhi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “tadabhāve tu cihnasya nānyathaiva pravādayet
  • tada -
  • tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhāve -
  • bhāva (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • cihnasya -
  • cihna (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • nānya -
  • na (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • athai -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    atha (indeclinable)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • pravā -
  • prava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pravā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ādayet -
  • ad (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
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