Katyayana-smriti [sanskrit]

by Manmatha Nath Dutt | 2006 | 9,945 words | ISBN-10: 8171102794

The Sanskrit edition of the Katyayana-smriti referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Katyayana-smriti is one of the minor works on Dharmashastra as mentioned in the Yajnavalkya-smriti. Katyayana is the author of a clear and full treatise on law and also wrote on grammar and other subjects. Alternative titles: Kātyāyanasmṛti (कात्यायनस्मृतिः), Kātyāyana-smṛti (कात्यायन-स्मृति).

Verse 22.19 [209]

यो हीनवाक्येन जितस्तस्योद्धारं विदुर्बुधाः ।
स्ववाक्यहीनो यस्तु स्यात्तस्योद्धारो न विद्यते ॥ १९ [२०९] ॥

yo hīnavākyena jitastasyoddhāraṃ vidurbudhāḥ |
svavākyahīno yastu syāttasyoddhāro na vidyate || 19 [209] ||

The English translation of Katyayana-smriti Verse 22.19 [209] is contained in the book Sixteen Minor Smrtis: 2 Volumes by Manmatha Nath Dutt. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Manmatha Nath Dutt (2006)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (22.19 [209]). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Hina, Vakya, Jit, Jita, Tad, Uddhara, Uddhri, Vidu, Vidus, Budha, Sva, Svan, Avakin, Ahina, Syat, Sya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Katyayana-smriti Verse 22.19 [209]). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo hīnavākyena jitastasyoddhāraṃ vidurbudhāḥ
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hīna -
  • hīna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hīna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> hīna (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> hīna (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
  • vākyena -
  • vākya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vac -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √vak class 1 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √vak class 1 verb]
  • jitas -
  • jit (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jit (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ji -> jita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ji class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ji class 9 verb]
  • tasyo -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • uddhāram -
  • uddhāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    uddhāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uddhārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    uddhṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    uddhṛ (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vidur -
  • vidus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vidus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vidu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vidu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • budhāḥ -
  • budha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    budhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “svavākyahīno yastu syāttasyoddhāro na vidyate
  • sva -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • avākya -
  • avākin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    avākin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ahīno* -
  • ahīna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yas -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • syāt -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • tasyo -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • uddhāro* -
  • uddhāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    uddhṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    uddhṛ (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: