Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 12.23.52

तां ब्रवीति स्म मलयवतीं स्मितमिताक्षरम् ।
सखि विद्याधरेन्द्रस्य नास्यातिथ्यं करोषि किम् ॥ ५२ ॥

tāṃ bravīti sma malayavatīṃ smitamitākṣaram |
sakhi vidyādharendrasya nāsyātithyaṃ karoṣi kim || 52 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.23.52 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.23.52). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sma, Malayavati, Smita, Ita, Akshara, Sakhi, Vidyadharendra, Nasya, Nasi, Atithya, Kim,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.23.52). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tāṃ bravīti sma malayavatīṃ smitamitākṣaram
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • bravīti -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • malayavatīm -
  • malayavatī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • smitam -
  • smita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    smita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    smitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    smi -> smita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √smi class 1 verb]
    smi -> smita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √smi class 1 verb], [accusative single from √smi class 1 verb]
  • itā -
  • ita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> ita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • akṣaram -
  • akṣara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    akṣara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    akṣarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṣar (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
    kṣar (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • Line 2: “sakhi vidyādharendrasya nāsyātithyaṃ karoṣi kim
  • sakhi -
  • sakhi (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sakhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • vidyādharendrasya -
  • vidyādharendra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • nāsyā -
  • nāsya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nās -> nāsya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nās]
    nās -> nāsya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √nās class 1 verb]
    nās -> nāsya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √nās class 1 verb]
    nās -> nāsyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √nās class 1 verb]
    nas -> nāsya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √nas class 1 verb]
    nas -> nāsya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √nas class 1 verb]
    nas -> nāsyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √nas class 1 verb]
    nāsi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    nāsī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    nāsī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • atithyam -
  • atithya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    atithya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • karoṣi -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present active second single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 12.23.52

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.23.52 in Bengali sript:
তাং ব্রবীতি স্ম মলযবতীং স্মিতমিতাক্ষরম্ ।
সখি বিদ্যাধরেন্দ্রস্য নাস্যাতিথ্যং করোষি কিম্ ॥ ৫২ ॥

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